MANAGEMENT OF RISK AREAS IN BRAZILIAN CITIES: PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS

Edson Luis de Almeida Oliveira, Luis Eduardo de Souza Robaina

Abstract


The episodes of the surface dynamics that cause risk in Brazilian territory, such as landslides, floods and debris flows, marked the historical geography of disasters in Brazil. These events that caused significant losses to society have made management strategies to be put into practice by local government, especially in large urban areas. This article approaches issues related to the programs and projects related to the management of risk areas in the urban environment in some Brazilian cities such as: Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Belo Horizonte, Sao Paulo (Santos and metropolitan region) and cities located in the Itajai river valley in Santa Catarina. These cities have developed projects and programs associated to risk management that give the place earlier priority actions: to act after the disaster - a fact which implied no reaction from the affected communities and that ended up creating a welfare aid culture programs. The change that begins to occur indicates that prevention starts to be a priority in the treatment of high-risk areas in the urban space, and that the communities are part in the construction of a more dignified and safe space in the city.

Keywords


Gerenciamento, Áreas de risco, Projetos e programas



DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X15597

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