Sediment transport for nonuniform sediment mixtures: the Egiazaroff equation and its application in a canyon river in Brazil
Keywords:Sediment transport, Incipient motion, Egiazaroff equation
Understanding the sediment yield and transport is one of the major topics of hydrosedimentology today. Although there are several methods to evaluate the incipient movement, the Shields model is mostly-used. However, the model proposed by Shields assumes that the sediments are uniform in an homogeneous and non-cohesive mixture. As such conditions are not easily found in nature, Egiazaroff proposed a sheltering coefficient, which considers the sediments in a non-homogeneous mixture in a wide range of granulometry. This coefficient allows correcting the Shields critical shear stress for nonuniform mixtures and can be used in mountain rivers, where the sediment size varies in several orders of magnitude. The equation proposed by Egiazaroff has been neglected for so many years in Brazil, and it is not mentioned in hydraulics or hydrosedimentology books . Thus, the present paper aimed to introduce the model proposed by Egiazaroff. Applying this equation to one natural river in a canyon, southern Brazil, the paper shows the good performance of this equation and recommends its use in mountain rivers in Brazil.
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