Agro-industrial wastes for biotechnological production as potential substrates to obtain fungal enzymes




Bioconversion, Biotechnological Processes, Microorganisms


Agro-industrial wastes contain high moisture content and are rich in nutrients, and can be used as useful substrates by microbes with the supplementation of nitrogen sources, thus providing an alternative tool for the industrial production of many products of economic value, such as enzymes for example. These are proteins that function as biological catalysts, responsible for carrying out various biochemical reactions, being applied in detergent, food, paper and cellulose, cosmetics, textile industries, etc. However, they are expensive raw materials, and it is worth noting that an important part of the cost of manufacturing enzymes is mainly due to the expense of means and fermentation processes. Thus, to minimize the cost of this production and in order to reduce the degradation of the environment due to agricultural waste, a variety of microorganisms and agro-industrial “by-products” can be used to facilitate the economic production of enzymes.Therefore, in this work, a review was carried out on agro-industrial residues and the main enzymes in the industrial market, as well as the use of these materials as sources to obtain enzymes produced by fungi.


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Author Biographies

Jéssica Crecencio Matei, Especialização em Biotecnologia e Bioprocessos, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Mestre em Ciência e Tecnologia Ambienta (UTFPR);

Especialista em Biotecnologia e Bioprocessos (UEM);

João Arthur dos Santos Oliveira, Programa de Pós-graduação em Biotecnologia Ambiental, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Mestre em Biotecnologia Ambiental (UEM)

João Alencar Pamphile, Programa de Pós-graduação em Biotecnologia Ambiental, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Mestre e Doutor em Genética e Melhoramento de Plantas pela Esalq-USP

Julio Cesar Polonio, Programa de Pós-graduação em Biotecnologia Ambiental, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Mestre e Doutor em Biotecnologia Ambiental pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá


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How to Cite

Matei, J. C., Oliveira, J. A. dos S., Pamphile, J. A., & Polonio, J. C. (2021). Agro-industrial wastes for biotechnological production as potential substrates to obtain fungal enzymes. Ciência E Natura, 43, e72.

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