Micronucleus test in fish for in situ evaluation of the Sinos River water quality, in Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X36307

Keywords:

Water pollution, Genotoxicity, Bryconamericus iheringii

Abstract

The Sinos River basin is impacted by industrial and agricultural activities, as well as by low rates of urban wastewater treatment. The purpose of this study was to monitor de Sinos River water quality using the micronucleus test in fish and the analysis of water physicochemical parameters. Bryconamericus iheringii specimens were captured in December 2013 (summer) and July 2014 (winter) at two sites located in the Sinos River: Caraá, in the upper section of the basin, and Parobé, in the middle section. After capture, animals were immediately killed and blood samples were collected for the micronucleus test. No significant differences were observed in micronucleus frequencies between sites and sampling periods. However, in the summer, nuclear abnormalities frequencies observed in Parobé were significantly higher than in Caraá. A higher frequency of nuclear abnormalities was also found in fish captured in Caraá during winter, in comparison with frequencies found in the summer. The results for the water physicochemical analysis showed values of total phosphorous, aluminum, lead, copper and iron above the allowed limits established by the Brazilian legislation. The nuclear abnormalities induction found in the present study may be associated to the presence of cytogenotoxic substances in the water.

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Author Biographies

Leonardo Airton Ressel Simões, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Graduado em Ciências Biológicas - Licenciatura pela Universidade Feevale (2017). 

Thaís Dalzochio, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Doutorado em Qualidade Ambiental, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Angélica Goldoni, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Doutorado em Qualidade Ambiental, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Mateus Santos de Souza, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas - Bacharelado - pela Universidade Feevale (2017)

Gabriela Zimmermann Prado Rodrigues, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Doutorado em andamento em Qualidade Ambiental, Universidade Feevale, FEEVALE, Brasil.

Ismael Evandro Petry, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Graduação em Ciências Biológicas.
Universidade Feevale, FEEVALE, Brasil.

Günther Gehlen, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Professor adjunto da Universidade Feevale 

Luciano Basso da Silva, Universidade Feevale, Novo Hamburgo, RS

Professor titular e docente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Qualidade Ambiental e do Mestrado Acadêmico em Toxicologia e Análises Toxicológicas da Universidade Feevale. 

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Published

2019-11-12

How to Cite

Simões, L. A. R., Dalzochio, T., Goldoni, A., Souza, M. S. de, Rodrigues, G. Z. P., Petry, I. E., Gehlen, G., & Silva, L. B. da. (2019). Micronucleus test in fish for in situ evaluation of the Sinos River water quality, in Brazil. Ciência E Natura, 41, e38. https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X36307

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Section

Environment

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