Soil basal respiration under three different vegetation covers in Paraná - Brazil

Luiz Fernando Veronezi, Angela Michelato Ghizelini, Vânia Rossetto Marcelino, Kátia Cylene Lombardi, Kelly Geronazzo Martins, Juliana Hanke

Abstract


This study evaluated the soil basal respiration (SBR) of three forest types and seasons and their correlation with pedological attributes in the 0-5 cm land layer. Therefore, we selected two areas of commercial tree species in the central-southern Paraná region: one plot of Pinus taeda and one of Eucalyptus dunnii; and a control, a patch of native forest (Mixed Ombrophyllous Forest). We determined the SBR by the alkaline addition method, incubating the samples for seven days. We collected samples in the cool dry season (winter) and in the hot humid season (summer). Soil attributes were determined by a routine analysis (pH, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Al3+, P, Matéria Orgânica, areia grossa e areia fina, silte, argila e V%). We observed significant SBR differences only about summer and winter. SBR correlated significantly with organic matter. These results are similar to most of the literature. There was no difference between the forest types about the SBR, showing that even monoculture forests can present carbon fluxes statistically equal to those of an intermediate successional stage native forest. The specific edaphic fauna adapted to each ecosystem may explain the absence of this difference in relation to SBR.


Keywords


Forest soils. Microbial community. CO2 flow. Organic matter. Ombrophyllous Mixed Forest.

References


AYRES E, DROMPH KM, BARDGETT RD. Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter? Soil Biol. Biochem. 2006;38:183–186.

BAI ZG, DENT DL, OLSEN L, SCHAEPMAN ME. Proxy global assessment of land degradation. Soil Use Manage. 2008;24:233-234.

BRAGA RM, SOUSA FF, VENTURIN N, BRAGA FA. Biomassa e atividade microbiana sob diferentes coberturas florestais. Cerne. 2016;22(2):137–143.

CAVIGLIONE JH, KIIHL LRB, CARAMORI PH, OLIVEIRA D. Cartas climáticas do Estado do Paraná. CD. Londrina: IAPAR; 2000.

CASTELLA PR, BRITEZ RM. A Floresta com Araucária no Paraná: conservação e diagnóstico dos remanescentes florestais. Brasília: Fundação de Pesquisas Florestais do Paraná; 2004.

CIAIS P, SABINE C. Carbon and other biogeochemical cycles. In: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM, editors. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2013. p. 465–570.

DREWNIAK BA, MISHRA U, SONG J, PRELL J, KOTAMARTHI VR. Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets. Biogeosciences. 2015;12:2119–2129.

EMPRESA BRASILEIRA DE PESQUISA AGROPECUÁRIA - EMBRAPA. Sistema brasileiro de classificação de solos. Brasília: EMBRAPA; 2013.

FERREIRA EPB, STONE LF, MARTIN-DIDONET CCG. População e atividade microbiana do solo em sistema agroecológico de produção. Rev. Ciênc. Agron. 2017;48(1):22–31.

FIERER N, ALLEN AS, SCHIMEL J, HOLDEN PA. Controls on microbial CO2 production: a comparison of surface and subsurface soil horizons. Global Change Biol. 2003;9:1322–1332.

GHOLZ HL, WEDIN DA, SMITHERMAN SM, HARMON ME, PARTON WJ. Long-term dynamics of pine and hardwood litter in contrasting environments: toward a global model of decomposition. Glob. Chang. Biol. 2000;6:751–765.

GIACOMETTI C, DEMYAN MS, CAVANI L, MARZADORI C, CIAVATTA C, KANDELER E. Chemical and microbiological soil quality indicators and their potential to differentiate fertilization regimes in temperate agroecosystems. Appl. Soil Ecol. 2013;64:32–48.

GOROBTSOVA ON, GEDGAFOVA FV, ULIGOVA TS, TEMBOTOV RK. A comparative assessment of the biological properties of soils in the cultural and native cenoses of the Central Caucasus (using the example of the Terskii variant of altitudinal zonality in Kabardino-Balkaria). Eurasian J. Soil Sci. 2016;49(1):89–94.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE - IPCC. Climate Change 2013: Executive Summary. Geneva: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; 2014.

JEELANI J, KIRMANI NA, SOFI JA, MIR AS, WANI JA, RASOOL R et al. An overview of spatial variability of soil microbiological properties using geostatistics. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(4):1132–1145.

JENKINSON DS, POWLSON DS. The effects of biocidal treatments on metabolism in soil-IV. Soil Biol. Biochem. 1976;8:209–213.

KÖCHY M, HIEDERER R, FREIBAUER A. Global distribution of soil organic carbon – Part 1: masses and frequency distributions of SOC stocks for the tropics, permafrost regions, wetlands, and the world. Soil. 2015;1:351–365.

LAL R. Sequestering carbon and increasing productivity by conservation agriculture. J. Soil Water Conserv. 2015;70(3):55A–62A.

LOPES AAC, SOUSA DMG, CHAER GM, REIS JÚNIOR FB, GOEDERT WJ, MENDES IC. Interpretation of microbial soil indicators as a function of crop yield and organic carbon. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 2013;77:461–472.

MARTINS KG, MARQUES MCM, SANTOS E, MARQUES R. Effects of soil conditions on the diversity of tropical forests across a successional gradient. Forest Ecol. Manag. 2015;349:4–11.

MAZZETTO AM, CERRI CEP, FEIGL BJ, CERRI CC. Activity of soil microbial biomass altered by land use in the southwestern Amazon. Bragantia. 2016;75(1):79–86.

MELLO FAF, SOBRINHO MOCB, ARZOLLA S, SILVEIRA RI, NETTO AC, KIEHL JC. Fertilidade do solo. 3a edição. São Paulo: Nobel; 1985.

MYHRE G, SHINDELL D, BRÉON FM, COLLINS W, FUGLESTVEDT J, HUANG J, KOCH D, LAMARQUE JF, LEE D, MENDOZA B, NAKAJIMA T, ROBOCK A, STEPHENS G, TAKEMURA T, ZHANG H. Anthropogenic and natural radiative forcing. In: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner GK, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgley PM, editors. Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2013. p. 659–740.

RAICH JW, SCHLESINGER WH. The global carbon dioxide flux in soil respiration and its relationship to vegetation and climate. Tellus. 1992;44(2):81–99.

ROSCOE R, MACHADO PLODA. Fracionamento físico do solo em estudos da matéria orgânica. Dourados: Embrapa Agropecuária Oeste; Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos; 2002.

SÁ JCM, GONÇALVES DRP, FERREIRA LA, MISHRA U, INAGAKI TM, FURLAN FJF et al. Soil carbon fractions and biological activity based indices can be used to study the impact of land management and ecological successions. Ecol. Indic. 2018;84:96–105.

SHABAGA JA, BASILIKO N, CASPERSEN JP, JONES TA. Seasonal controls on patterns of soil respiration and temperature sensitivity in a northern mixed deciduous forest following partial-harvesting. Forest Ecol. Manag. 2015;348:208–219.

SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÕES FLORESTAIS - SNIF. Cadeia Produtiva [Internet]. Brasília: Sistema Florestal Brasileiro; 2018 [cited 2018 May 05]. Available from: http://snif.florestal.gov.br/pt-br/cadeia-produtiva.

SLOBODA B, MARQUES R, BIANCHIN J, BLUM H, DONHA C, SILVEIRA F et al. Litterfall and nutrient dynamics in a mature Atlantic rainforest in Brazil. FLORAM. 2017;24(1970):e20160339.

TER BRAAK CJF, SMILAUER P. Canoco - reference manual and user’s guide to Canoco for windows: Software for canonical Community Ordination (Version 4.5). Ithaca: Microcomputer Power; 1998.

THAKUR MP, MILCU A, MANNING P, NIKLAUS PA, ROSCHER C, POWER S et al. Plant diversity drives soil microbial biomass carbon in grasslands irrespective of global environmental change factors. Global Change Biol. 2015;21(11):4076–4085.

TORRES CMME, JACOVINE LAG, OLIVEIRA NETO SN, BRIANEZI D, ALVES EBBM. Sistemas agroflorestais no Brasil: uma abordagem sobre a estocagem de carbono. Pesq. Flor. Bras. 2014;34(79):235–244.

TUOMI M, VANHALA P, KARHU K, FRITZE H, LISKI J. Heterotrophic soil respiration-comparison of different models describing its temperature dependence. Ecol. Model. 2008;211:182–190.

WEBSTER KL, CREED IF, BOURBONNIÈRE RA, BEALL FD. Controls on the heterogeneity of soil respiration in a tolerant hardwood forest. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci. 2008;113(3):G03018.

YU L, WANG Y, WANG Y, SUN S, LIU L. Quantifying components of soil respiration and their response to abiotic factors in two typical subtropical forest stands, southwest China. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(2):e0117490.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X34582

Copyright (c) 2020 Ciência e Natura

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

DEAR AUTHORS,

PLEASE, CHECK CAREFULLY BEFORE YOUR SUBMISSION:

1. IF ALL AUTHORS "METADATA" (ORCID, LINK TO LATTES, SHORT BIOGRAPHY, AFFILIATION) WERE ADDED,

2. THE CORRECT IDIOM YOUR SECTION,

3 IF THE HIGHLIGHTS WERE ADDED,

4. IF THE GRAPHIC ABSTRACTS WAS ADDED,

5. IF THE REVIEWERS INDICATION WAS DONE,

6. IF THE REFERENCES FORMAT ARE CORRECT(ABNT)

7. IF THE RESOLUTION YOUR FIGURES (600 DPI) ARE SUITABLE

8.  IF THE STATEMENT BY THE ETHICS COMMITTEE (IF IT INVOLVES HUMANS) WAS ADDED;

9. IF THE DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY WAS ADDED.

10. IF THE TEXT IS ORIGINAL. IF THE IDEA HAS ALREADY BEEN REGISTERED IN SUMMARY FORM, OR PUBLISHED IN CONGRESS ANNUALS, PLEASE INFORM THE EDITOR.