Assessment of Kitchen Waste Generated in a Maternity Hospital: A Case Study in Brazil


  • Leonardo de Lima Moura COPPE/UFRJ
  • Claudio Fernando Mahler COPPE/UFRJ
  • Heitor Mansur Caulliraux COPPE/UFRJ



Kitchen waste, non-hazardous waste, healthcare waste, healthcare waste management, maternity hospital


 Healthcare waste management (HCWM) is at problem in many developing countries. One of the main steps to implement a proper HCWM process is knowledge of the amount and composition of material generated. There are rare studies of the contribution of kitchen waste to the total mass of non-hazardous waste generated by hospitals in the world. This paper reports a diagnosis of waste generation by the kitchen of a maternity hospital in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Using the method established by the World Health Organization (WHO), non-hazardous wastes of all sectors were weighed for seven consecutive days in July and August, 2015. The average kitchen waste generated was 92.77 and 76,73, respectively, corresponding to 43.65% and 46.44% of the total mass of general waste produced in the period, although there was no positive correlation between the generated mass of kitchen waste and the number of meals prepared and served. We concluded that kitchen waste poses a considerable challenge to HCWM, mainly involving temporary internal storage, external storage and container cleaning, as well in the physical conditions of the workers that transport the waste.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Leonardo de Lima Moura, COPPE/UFRJ

Doutorando em Engenharia Civil COPPE/UFRJ

Claudio Fernando Mahler, COPPE/UFRJ

Professor titular do Programa de Engenharia Civil- COPPE/UFRJ


ABED-ELMDOUST, KERACHIAN N. R., 2012. Regional hospital solid waste assessment using the evidential reasoning approach. Science of the Total Environment, 441, 67-76.

ABELPRE – Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Limpeza e Resíduos Sólidos (Brazilian Association of Solid Waste and Cleaning Companies), 2014. Panorama dos Resíduos Sólidos 2014 (Solid Waste Panorama 2014). ABRELPE, São

ADUAN, S. A., BRAGA, F.S, ZANDONADE, E., SALLES, D., CUSSIOL, N.A.M., LANGE, L.C., 2014. Evaluation of hospital health waste of Group A in hospitals of Vitória (ES), Brasil. Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental, 19(2), 133–141.

ALAGÖZ, A. Z., KOCASOY, G., 2008. Determination of the best appropriate management methods for the health-care wastes in Istanbul. Waste Management, 28, 7, 1227-1235.

ASKARIAN, M., VAKILI, M., KABIR, G., 2004. Results of a hospital waste survey in private hospitals in Fars province, Iran. Waste management, 24, 4, 347-352.

BRASIL. Ministry of Health. National Health Surveillance Agency., 2004. Board Resolution – RDC n° 306, de 7 de dezembro de 2004. Official Diary of the Union, Dec.10.2004

DA SILVA, C. E., HOPPE, A. E., RAVANELLO, M. M., MELLO, N., 2005. Medical wastes management in the south of Brazil. Waste Management, 25(6), 600–5.

DEBERE, M. K., GELAYE, K. A., ALAMDO, A. G.,TRIFA, Z. M., 2013. Assessment of the health care waste generation rates and its management system in hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2011. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 28.

DIAS-FERREIRA, C., SANTOS, T., OLIVEIRA, V.,2015. Hospital food waste and environmental and economic indicators–A Portuguese case study. Waste Management, 46, 146-154

EKER, H. H., BILGILI, M. S., SEKMAN, E., & TOP, S., 2010. Evaluation of the regulation changes in medical waste management in Turkey. Waste Management & Research, 28(11), 1034-1038.

HAYLAMICHEAL, I. D., DALVIE, M. A., YIRSAW, B. D., ZEGEYE, H. A., 2011. Assessing the management of healthcare waste in Hawassa city, Ethiopia. Waste Management & Research, 29(8), 854-862.

MATTOSO, V. D.B, SCHALCH, V., 2001. Hospital waste management in Brazil: A case study. Waste management & research, 19, 6, 567-572

PANT, D., 2012. Waste management in small hospitals: trouble for environment. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 184(7), 4449-4453.

PATWARY, M. A., O’HARE, W. T., STREET, G., ELAHI, K. M., HOSSAIN, S. S., & SARKER, M. H.,2009. Quantitative assessment of medical waste generation in the capital city of Bangladesh. Waste management, 29(8), 2392-2397.

RUOYAN, G., LINGZHONG, X., HUIJUAN, L., CHENGCHAO, Z., JIANGJIANG, H., YOSHIHISA, S., ... & CHUSHI, K., 2010. Investigation of health care waste management in Binzhou District, China. Waste Management, 30(2), 246–50.

SARTAJ, M., ARABGOL, R., 2015. Assessment of healthcare waste management practices and associated problems in Isfahan Province (Iran).Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 17, 1, 99-106.

SONNINO,R.,MCWILLIAM, S., 2011. Food waste, catering practices and public procurement: A case study of hospital food systems in Wales. Food Policy, 36, 6, 823-829.

TADESSE, M. L., KUMIE, A., 2014. Healthcare waste generation and management practice in government health centers of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC public health, 14, 1, 1221.

TESFAHUN, E., KUMIE, A., LEGESSE, W., KLOOS, H., & BEYENE, A., 2014. Assessment of composition and generation rate of healthcare wastes in selected public and private hospitals of Ethiopia. Waste Management & Research, 0734242X14521683.

TIVIROLLI, K., TIVIROLLI, S. C., LUZ, P. C. D., FUJINO, L. B. V., SHINZATO, M. P., SKOWRONSKI, J., ... & HESS, S. C, 2010. Management in three public hospitals of Mato Grosso do Sul , Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Promoção a Saúde, 23(1), 213–220.

ZHANG, H. J., ZHANG, Y. H., WANG, Y., YANG, Y. H., ZHANG, J., WANG, Y. L., WANG, J. L., 2013 Investigation of medical waste management in Gansu Province, China. Waste Management & Research, 31(6), 655–9.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, 2014. Safe health-care waste management. Principles for achieving safe and sustainable management of health-care waste. Geneva. Available at:>. Consulted on: June 30, 2015.




How to Cite

Moura, L. de L., Mahler, C. F., & Caulliraux, H. M. (2017). Assessment of Kitchen Waste Generated in a Maternity Hospital: A Case Study in Brazil. Ciência E Natura, 39(2), 402–412.