Evolução Temporal da Precipitação e Atividade Elétrica de uma Tempestade com Ocorrência de Tempo Severo

Authors

  • Dandan Wei Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Jesus Ruiz-Plancarte Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Livia Souza Freire Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Tobias Gerken Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Marcelo Chamecki Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Jose Fuentes Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
  • Paul Stoy Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA
  • Amy Trowbridge Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA
  • Rosa Nascimento dos Santos Amazonas State University, Manaus, AM, Brazil
  • Otávio Costa Acevedo Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) - Santa Maria, RS, Brazil
  • Nelson Luis Dias Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X20275

Keywords:

Ozone. Turbulence. Rainforest. Amazon. Forest canopies.

Abstract

Ozone plays a crucial role in the chemistry of the tropical atmospheric boundary layer. In the rainforest, ozone sources and sinks are complex due to numerous chemical reactions and surface deposition. Turbulent transport controls the vertical distribution of ozone. A field study in the Amazonia, near Manaus, Brazil during 2014 shows different shapes of ozone profiles as a response to changes in air turbulence during night-to-day and day-to-night transitions. During the night-to-day transition following sunrise ozone levels increase within the canopy due to photochemical production and increased vertical mixing. The vertical transport of ozone to the lower layers of the canopy is enhanced after the thermal inversion in the canopy disappears. At night, the ozone deposition to the ground and the foliage in the lower canopy is strong. After midnight, the lower canopy is devoid of ozone. Relatively high gradients of ozone levels within the forest during the nighttime also result from the decoupling between the in- and above-canopy environment that limits the forest-atmosphere ozone exchange. Processes responsible for the vertical distribution ozone are necessary to estimate the oxidation of the plant-emitted gases whose reaction products are aerosol precursors.

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Author Biographies

Dandan Wei, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Jesus Ruiz-Plancarte, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Livia Souza Freire, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Tobias Gerken, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Marcelo Chamecki, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Jose Fuentes, Department of Meteorology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

Department of Meteorology

Nelson Luis Dias, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil

 

 

References

Finnigan, John. 2000. “Turbulence in Plant Canopies.” Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics 32(1): 519–71.

Fuentes, Jose D et al. 2007. “Biogenic Hydrocarbon Chemistry within and above a Mixed Deciduous Forest.” Journal of atmospheric chemistry 56(2): 165–85.

Gao, W, and R H Shaw. 1989. “Observation of Organized Structure in Turbulent Flow within and above a Forest Canopy.” In Boundary Layer Studies and Applications, Springer, 349–77.

Thomas, Christoph, and Thomas Foken. 2007. “Flux Contribution of Coherent Structures and Its Implications for the Exchange of Energy and Matter in a Tall Spruce Canopy.” Boundary-Layer Meteorology 123(2): 317–37.

Wilson, N Robert, and Roger H Shaw. 1977. “A Higher Order Closure Model for Canopy Flow.” Journal of Applied Meteorology 16(11): 1197–1205.

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Published

2016-07-20

How to Cite

Wei, D., Ruiz-Plancarte, J., Freire, L. S., Gerken, T., Chamecki, M., Fuentes, J., Stoy, P., Trowbridge, A., Santos, R. N. dos, Acevedo, O. C., & Dias, N. L. (2016). Evolução Temporal da Precipitação e Atividade Elétrica de uma Tempestade com Ocorrência de Tempo Severo. Ciência E Natura, 38, 543–547. https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X20275

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