Vegetative propagation of na endemic species of the Pampa biome

Joseane Siqueira, Fernanda Bruxel, Carla Roberta Orlandi, Eduarda Demari Avrella, Claudimar Sidnei Fior, Elisete Maria de Freitas

Abstract


The definition of vegetative propagation methodologies is an alternative for the preservation of endangered native species with potential for economic exploitation, as Hesperozygis ringens. Thus, this study aims to verify the possibility of propagating this species through cutting, testing different substrates and types of cuttings, and comparing the propagation through cuttings obtained from atock plants in a greenhouse and directly in the field. Apical and non-apical cuttings, 6.0cm long, obtained from material from the field and greenhouse, were propagated in trays containing carbonized rice husk and a mixture of carbonized rice husk with coconut fiber powder (2:1, v/v) as substrates. Completely randomized blocks were used in a 2x2 factorial design, with four replicates of 10 cuttings. The plantlets production of H. ringens by cutting is feasible, since it presents a high rooting percentage even when propagules are collected in plants of populations in situ. However, when collected from plants in a greenhouse, the root system of plantlets presents a higher quality than that obtained in field, making possible the production and establishment of plantlets in greenhouses.

Keywords


cutting; Hesperozygis ringens; rooting

Full Text:

HTML

References


BIANCHINI AE, CUNHA JA, BRUSQUE ICM, PINHEIRO CG, SCHINDLER B, HEINZMANN BM, et al. Relaxing effect of eugenol and essential oils in Pomacea canaliculata. Ciência Rural. 2017;47:1-6.

CASTILHO CVV, FANTATTO RR, GAÍNZA YA, BIZZO HR, BARBI NS, LEITÃO SG, et al. In vitro activity of the essential oil from Hesperozygis myrtoides on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus and Haemonchus contortus. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. 2017;27:70-76.

CHAGAS JH, PINTO JEBP, BERTOLUCCI SKV, NALON FH. Produção de mudas de hortelã-japonesa em função da idade e de diferentes tipos de estaca. Ciência Rural. 2008;38:2157-2163.

DOMINGOS A, ANTUNES S, BORGES L, ROSÁRIO VE. Approaches towards tick and tick-borne diseases control. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. 2013;46:265-269.

EMER AA, SCHAFER G, AVRELLA ED, DELAZERI M, VEIT PA, FIOR CS. Influence of indolebutyric acid in the rooting of Campomanesia aurea semihardwood cuttings. Ornamental Horticulture. 2016;22:94-100.

FACHINELLO JC, HOFFMANN A, NACHTIGAL JC. Propagação de plantas frutíferas. Brasília: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica; 2005.

HARTMANN HT, KESTER DE, DAVIS JR FT, GENEVE RL. Plant propagation: principles and practices. New Jersey: Englewood Clipps; 2011.

KÄMPF NA. Produção comercial de plantas ornamentais. Guaíba: Agrolivros; 2005.

MATTANA RS, FRANCO VF, YAMAKI HO, MAIA E ALMEIDA CI, MING LC. Propagação vegetativa de plantas de pariparoba (Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq.) em diferentes substratos e número de nós das estacas. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. 2009;11:325-329.

OLIVEIRA JS, PEIXOTO CP, POELKING VGC, ALMEIDA AT. Avaliação de extratos das espécies Helianthus annuus, Brachiaria brizantha e Sorghum bicolor com potencial alelopático para uso como herbicida natural. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. 2015;17:379-384.

OLIVEIRA LM, NEPOMUCENO CF, FREITAS NP, PEREIRA DMS, SILVA GC, LUCCHESE AM. Propagação vegetativa de Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. e Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae). Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. 2011;13:73-78.

PACHECO JP, FRANCO ETH. Substratos e estacas com e sem folhas no enraizamento de Luehea divaricata Mart. Ciência Rural. 2008;38:1900-1906.

PES LZ, ARENHARDT MH. Fisiologia vegetal. Santa Maria: Colégio Politécnico da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; 2015.

RIBEIRO VLS, SANTOS LC, BORDIGNON AS, APEL MA, HENRIQUES AT, VON POSER GL. Acaricidal properties of the essential oil from Hesperozygis ringens (Lamiaceae) on the cattle tick Riphicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Bioresource Technology. 2010;101:2506-2509.

RIO GRANDE DO SUL [Internet] Lista da Flora Ameaçada de Extinção do Rio Grande do Sul. 2014. Available from: http://www.fzb.rs.gov.br/conteudo/4809/?Homologada_a_nova_Lista_da_Flora_Ga%C3%BAcha_Amea%C3%A7ada_de_Extin%C3%A7%C3%A3o.

SASSO SAZ, CITADIN I, DANNER MA. Propagação de jabuticabeira por estaquia. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. 2010;32:577-583.

SILVA LL, SILVA DT, GARLET QI, CUNHA MA, MALLMANN CA, BALDISSEROTTO B, et al. Anesthetic activity of Brazilian native plants in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen). Neotropical Ichthyology. 2013;11:443-451.

TONI C, BECKER AG, SIMÕES LN, PINHEIRO CG, DE LIMA SILVA L, HEINZMANN BM, et al. Fish anesthesia: effects of the essential oils of Hesperozygis ringens and Lippia alba on the biochemistry and physiology of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. 2014;40:701-714.

VLADIMIR-KNEŽEVIĆ S, BLAŽEKOVIĆ B, KINDL M, VLADIĆ J, LOWER-NEDZA AD, BRANTNER AH. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory, antioxidant and phytochemical properties of selected medicinal plants of the Lamiaceae Family. Molecules. 2014;19:767-782.

VON POSER GL, MENUT C, TOFFOLI ME, VÉRIN P. Essential oil composition and allelopathic effect of the Brazilian Lamiaceae Hesperozygis ringens (Benth.) Eplig and Hesperozygis rhododon Eplig. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 1996;44:1829-1832.

XAVIER A, WENDLING I, DA SILVA RL. Silvicultura clonal: princípios e técnicas. Viçosa: Universidade Federal de Viçosa; 2009.

ZORZETO TQ, DECHEN SCF, ABREU MF, FERNANDES JÚNIOR F. Caracterização física de substratos para plantas. Bragantia. 2014;73:300-311.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X39235

Copyright (c) 2020 Ciência e Natura

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

DEAR AUTHORS,

PLEASE, CHECK CAREFULLY BEFORE YOUR SUBMISSION:

1. IF ALL AUTHORS "METADATA" (ORCID, LINK TO LATTES, SHORT BIOGRAPHY, AFFILIATION) WERE ADDED,

2. THE CORRECT IDIOM YOUR SECTION,

3 IF THE HIGHLIGHTS WERE ADDED,

4. IF THE GRAPHIC ABSTRACTS WAS ADDED,

5. IF THE REVIEWERS INDICATION WAS DONE,

6. IF THE REFERENCES FORMAT ARE CORRECT(ABNT)

7. IF THE RESOLUTION YOUR FIGURES (600 DPI) ARE SUITABLE

8.  IF THE STATEMENT BY THE ETHICS COMMITTEE (IF IT INVOLVES HUMANS) WAS ADDED;

9. IF THE DECLARATION OF ORIGINALITY WAS ADDED.

10. IF THE TEXT IS ORIGINAL. IF THE IDEA HAS ALREADY BEEN REGISTERED IN SUMMARY FORM, OR PUBLISHED IN CONGRESS ANNUALS, PLEASE INFORM THE EDITOR.