Evaluation of the turbulence wake generated by a theoretical wind farm in the Pampa Gaucho region using the WRF model
Keywords:Wind energy, Atmospheric modeling, Turbulence parameterization
The main objective of this study is to analyze the influence of a wind farm on the variables that control the flow in the atmospheric boundary layer. The simulated period was the whole year of 2008, using a control simulation performed with the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF), and the wind farm model (the WRF model with the module Fitch, which parameters the influence of wind turbines on atmospheric flow). Both simulations using the Yonsei-University (YSU) boundary layer parameterization. From the control simulation is made the validation of the model, using observational data collected in two automatic stations of the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET) in the cities of Alegrete-RS and Quaraí-RS. The wind farm idealized in this work has 100 wind generators of 3 MW of power with 120 m in height and with rotor measuring 125 m in diameter. Although the wind speed responds adequately, the temperature and turbulence of near-surface runoff decrease. Analysis of the dependence of near-surface turbulence with vertical stability indicates that the turbulence being generated by the turbines is not reaching the surface. This problem may be related to the chosen boundary layer parameterization.
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