Convective boundary layer characterization in the Amazon rainforest before and after the passage of Mesoscale convective systems
Keywords:Amazon rainforest, Convective boundary layer, Mesoscale convective systems, Thermodynamics
AbstractThis study describes thermodynamic variables (e.g., temperature and humidity) of the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL) and its growth rates preceding and following the passage of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) in the Amazon rainforest. Using the data set provided by GoAmazon 2014/15, this study will address its objectives through the evaluation of case studies and an ensemble of days when there was the passage of MCSs. The results show that the convective boundary layer experiences reductions in the equivalent potential temperature within 2 to 8K and in the specific humidity up to 2 g kg-1 after the passage of a MCS, due to the cold and dry air brought to the surface by storms downdrafts. These two variables in addition to others (e.g., energy fluxes) are responsible for the low growth rates of the convective boundary layer, that were reduced by 100 m h-1 in the following two hours after the rainfall ceases, when compared to undisturbed conditions. Nonetheless, this work provides a quantitative evaluation of the thermodynamic features of the convective boundary layer under the passage of mesoscale convective systems in the Amazon rainforest.
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