Suppression of Pratylenchus brachyurus and soybean growth inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X40961

Keywords:

Glycine max, Rhizoglomus clarum, Inoculant, Mycorrhization, Phytonematode

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi perform a variety of plant-beneficial processes. including increased resistance to disease. The objective of this work was to study arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Rhizoglomus clarum effect on phytonematode Pratylenchus brachyurus suppression and on soybean plants growth. Two experiments were performed under greenhouse conditions. First. soybean plants growth was evaluated in mycorrhizal fungi presence and absence. In the second experiment. phytonematode damage in soybean cultivated in mycorrhizal fungi presence and absence was evaluated. During soybean flowering was evaluated mycorrhizal colonization, dry matter, nodulation, chlorophyll and nutrient content in plant tissue, nematodes number in soil and root penetration, and nematode reproduction factor was obtained, R. clarum mycorrhizal colonization reduced by 64% the number of nematodes penetrated in roots and increased soybean plants nodulation, nutrient absorption and dry matter accumulation. The stimulation to mycorrhization is a strategy to reduce damage caused by Pratylenchus brachyurus to soybean plants.

Author Biographies

Edicarla Trentin, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Doutorado em Ciência do Solo pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Valéria Ortaça Portela, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Doutoranda em Ciência do Solo pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Juliane Schmitt, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Doutoranda em Ciência do Solo pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Reyllis Kiefer Unfer, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Graduação em andamento em Agronomia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria.

Zaida Inês Antoniolli, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Doutorado em Ecology Of Mycorrhizal Molecular Aspects for The University Of Adelaide, U. ADELAIDE, Austrália.

Rodrigo Josemar Seminoti Jacques, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS,

Doutorado em Ciência do Solo pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul.

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Published

2021-02-01

How to Cite

Trentin, E., Portela, V. O., Schmitt, J., Unfer, R. K., Antoniolli, Z. I., & Jacques, R. J. S. (2021). Suppression of Pratylenchus brachyurus and soybean growth inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Ciência E Natura, 43, e3. https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X40961

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Section

Biology (Plant-microorganism Interaction)

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