Acoustic similarity among disjunct populations of Formicarius colma Boddaert, 1783 (Aves: Formicariidae)




WrableR, Bioacoustics, Biogeography


The isolation caused by habitat fragmentation may promote morphological and behavioral divergences, even in Suboscine birds. Formicarius colma is a Miocene specie, which has today a disjunct distribution among atlantic and amazonic forest and four subspecies. To evaluate significant differences among their subspecies vocalizations we analyze 73 records with 16 bioacoustic parameters. To analyze acoustic similarity we performed a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), t tests and ANOVA. The F. colma vocalization is a trill, ranging from 2.4 to 3.5 kHz, with dominant frequency of 2.48 kHz and mean duration of 2,8 s. The grouping analysis not shows statistics differences among F. colma subspecies vocalizations, even among disjunct populations. Howsoever, we can observe a tendency of segregation among amazonic and atlantic populations. This acoustic similarity may be relate to the low vocal plasticity founded in Suboscine and environmental pressure over these populations are not been adequate to select distinct modulations on subspecies song. Therefore, even a great separation time there are no significant vocal differences among studied population.


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Author Biographies

Mônica da Costa Lima, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande - Patos, PB

Graduada em Licenciatura - Ciências Biológicas pela Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG/CSTR), campus de Patos - PB.Mestranda no programa de Pós-graduação em Biodiversidade pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB/CCA), Campus Areia-PB. Faz parte da equipe do Laboratório de Ornitologia e Biologia da Conservação (LabOrnito) e Laboratório de zoologia e paleontologia dos vertebrados. Tem experiência na área de Zoologia, com ênfase em Ornitologia, Ecologia e Bioacústica.

Erich de Freitas Mariano, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande - Patos, PB

Possui graduação em Ciências Biológicas Bacharelado pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba (2005), mestrado em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia) pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba (2007) e doutorado em Ciências Biológicas (Zoologia) pela Universidade Federal da Paraíba (2014). Atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: Ornitologia e Educação ambiental ao ar livre. 


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How to Cite

Lima, M. da C., & Mariano, E. de F. (2019). Acoustic similarity among disjunct populations of Formicarius colma Boddaert, 1783 (Aves: Formicariidae). Ciência E Natura, 41, e30.