TRENDS IN THE BRAZILIAN ENERGY SCENARIO: THE WIND ENERGY SOURCE AND THE "LOOK" FROM THOSE AFFECTED
Keywords:Matriz energética, Bens ambientais, Energia eólica, Grupos atingidos, Participação
A subject of great relevance in the environmental field, the energy matrix of contemporary societies is being designed based on the search for new sources to include in the energy mix, such as the wind. In this context, two strategic factors predominate: the pursuit of expanding energy supply to guarantee supply demand, and the search by the politics of many countries to reduce carbon dioxide emission, broadcasting a fight against global warming. This work is contextualized, and aims to discuss, by means of a comparative look, the way that the transformation of territories in Brazil have been occurring for allocation of environmental assets that give sustenance to the energy matrix, first noting the matrix that is based on hydropower, and then to wind-source energy. The study brings together the perspectives presented in literature about the appropriation of environments and its consequences, the characterization of wind energy and its current situation in the country, and how the involvement of social groups affected by energy projects has led to the perception of the importance of including the participation of these groups in the decision making processes of energy-developing projects.
ABRAMOVAY, Ricardo. Inovações para que se democratize o acesso à energia, sem ampliar as emissões. Ambiente & Sociedade, São Paulo, v. XVII, n. 3, p. 1-18, 2014.
ACSELRAD, Henri; MELLO, Cecília Campello do Amaral; BEZERRA, Gustavo das Neves. O que é justiça ambiental. Rio de Janeiro: Garamond, 2009.
BRASIL. Ministério das Minas e Energia e Empresa de Pesquisa Energética. Balanço Energético Nacional 2012 (BEN 2012)– Síntese do Relatório Final. Brasília/DF, 2012.
BRASIL. Ministério das Minas e Energia e Empresa de Pesquisa Energética. Plano Nacional de Energia 2030. Outras Fontes. Brasília/DF, 2008.
BRASIL. Ministério das Minas e Energia e Empresa de Pesquisa Energética. Matriz Energética Nacional 2030. Brasília, 2007.
COSTA, Cláudia do Valle. Políticas de promoção de fontes novas e renováveis para geração de energia elétrica: lições da experiência européia para o caso brasileiro. 2006. 249f. Tese (Doutorado em Planejamento Energético) – Instituto Alberto Luiz Coimbra de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa de Engenharia (COPPE)/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2006.
FADIGAS, Eliane A. Faria Amaral. Energia eólica. Série Sustentabilidade. Barueri: Manole, 2011.
FASE – Solidariedade e Educação; ETTERN – Laboratório Estado, Trabalho, Territórios e Natureza do Instituto de Pesquisa e Planejamento Regional (IPPUR/UFRJ). Relatório Síntese Projeto Avaliação de Equidade Ambiental. Rio de Janeiro, 2011.
GERMANY. Federal Ministry for theEnvironment, NatureConservationand Nuclear Safety (BMU). Electricityfromrenewableenergysources. Whatdoes it cost? Berlin/Germany, 2009.
GREENPEACE. A caminho da sustentabilidade energética: como desenvolver um mercado de renováveis no Brasil. Relatório [r] Revolução Energética. São Paulo, 2008.
IKEME, Jekwu. Equity, environmental justice andsustainability: incomplete approaches in climatechangepolitics. Global EnvinronmentalChange, 13, p. 195-206, 2003.
LASCHEFSKI, Klemens. Licenciamento e equidade ambiental. As racionalidades distintas de apropriação do ambiente por grupos subalternos. In: ZHOURI, Andréa (org.). As tensões do lugar. Hidrelétricas, sujeitos e licenciamento ambiental. Belo Horizonte: Editora UFMG, 2011.
MEIRELES, AntonioJeovah de Andrade. Danos socioambientais originados pelas usinas eólicas nos campos de dunas do Nordeste brasileiro e critérios para definição de alternativas locacionais.Confins [Online], 11, 2011. Disponível em http://confins.revues.org/6970. Acesso em 25 mar 2013.
TOLMASQUIM, Maurício Tiomno.Perspectivas e planejamento do setor energético no Brasil. Estudos Avançados,São Paulo, 26 (74), p. 249–260, 2012.
How to Cite
To access the DECLARATION AND TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AUTHOR’S DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT LICENSE click here.
Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication
The Ciência e Natura journal is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles.
Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.
Authors: Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review Articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. The Authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal. The corresponding Author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all Co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.
Editors: Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit. An Editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the Author. Editors should take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.
Reviewers: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that Authors can use them for improving the paper. Any selected Reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.