TECHNOPOLITICAL APPROACHES ON THE RECENT GLOBAL SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

Jesús Sabariego

Resumo


Este artigo analisa os movimentos sociais que emergem no contexto da crise global desde 2011, como os sintomas da erosão dos direitos humanos e o déficit democrático imposto pelas políticas neoliberais das últimas décadas, especialmente aumentados nos últimos anos através das agendas institucionais da comunidade local, nacional e europeia. Fundamentado no impacto desses movimentos na opinião pública e em sua irrupção nas instituições por meio de eleições, especialmente no sul da Europa e paradigmaticamente em dois dos países europeus mais afetados por essas políticas, como Portugal e Espanha, e aliados a um estudo descentralizado da tática do uso político das tecnologias da informação e comunicação (TICs), atravessado pela mídia, por esses movimentos, o texto mostra um novo cenário político complexo nesses países, que nos permite propor uma nova categoria-chave na teoria dos movimentos sociais: Global Recente Movimentos Sociais (RMSGs).


Palavras-chave


Recent Global Social Movements; Technopolitics; Internet Social Media; Private Internet Messages Services; Common-based Democracy.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


Accornero, Guya and Ramos Pinto, Pedro (2014), "'Mild Mannered’? Protest and Mobilisation in Portugal in Times of Crisis", West European Politics, Volume: 38, 491-515.

Aguiló, Antoni. and Sabariego, Jesús (2016): “En soledad nos quieren, en común nos tendrán. The Municipalism from Below in the 24M elections in Spain: Towards a new politics of the common?”, Revista de Historia Actual, Cádiz.

Alcazan et al. (2012), Tecnopolítica, internet y r-evoluciones. Sobre la centralidad de las redes digitales en el 15M. Barcelona: Icaria.

Alonso González, Marián (2015), “Nuevas tecnologías y cambio social: los yayoflautas se organizan en la red para generar transformaciones sociales.”, Commons: Revista de comunicación y ciudadanía digital, 4 (. 1): 2-2.

Akrivopoulou, Christina y Garipidis, Nikolaos (2014), Human Rights and the Impact of ICT in the Public Sphere: Participation, Democracy and Political Autonomy. Hershey: IGI Global.

Aneesh, Aneesh (2012), "Informationalism”, in VA, The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization. Londres: Wiley.

Aneesh, Aneesh; Petro, Patrice y Hall, Lane (co-eds.) (2011), Beyond Globalization: Making New Worlds in Media, Art, and Social Practices. Nueva Jersey: Rutgers University Press.

Anderson, Chris (2008), “The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete”, Wired, 16, 1-2.

Ardanuy Pizarro, Miguel y Labuske, Eric (2015), “El músculo deliberativo del algoritmo democrático: Podemos y la participación ciudadana”, Teknokultura, 12 (1), 93-109.

Austin, John Langshaw (1982), ¿Cómo hacer cosas con palabras? Madrid: Paidós Ibérica.

Axford, Barrie y Huggins, Richard (2000), “Towards a post-national polity: the emergence of the Network Society in Europe”, Sociological Review, 48, 173-206.

Bajtín, Mijaíl (1998), La cultura popular en la Edad Media y el Renacimiento. El contexto de Françoise Rabelais. Madrid: Alianza.

Barber, Benjamin (1984), Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Barber, Benjamin (1998), “Three scenarios for the future of technology and strong democracy”, Political science quarterly, 113, 573-589.

Barney, Darin (2000), Prometheus Wired: The hope for democracy in the age of network technology. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Bateson, Gregory (1972), Steps to an Ecology of Mind: Collected Essays in Anthropology, Psychiatry, Evolution, and Epistemology. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press.

Bauman, Zygmunt (1999), In Search of Politics. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.

Baumgarten, Britta (2013), “Geração à Rasca and beyond: Mobilizations in Portugal after 12 March 2011”, Current Sociology, 61, 457-473.

Bennett, W Lance y Segerberg; Alexandra (2011), "Digital media and the personalization of collective action: Social technology and the organization of protests against the global economic crisis.", Information, Communication & Society 14.6, 770-799.

Berger, Peter. y Luckmann, Thomas (1996), La construcción social de la realidad. Buenos Aires: Amorrortu.

Best, Steven y Kellner, Douglas (1997), The Postmodern Turn. New York: Guilford.

Bourdieu, Pierre (1989): “Social space and symbolic power”, Sociological Theory, 7, 14-25.

Bourdieu, Pierre (2002): “The forms of capital”, in N. W. Biggart (ed.), Readings in Economic Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell, 280-91.

Candón Mena, José Ignacio (2014), “La batalla de la agenda: de las redes sociales a la agenda mediática, política y electoral”, TecCom Studies, 4, 217–227.

Carpenter, Cherish (2010), “The Obamachine: Technopolitics 2.0”, Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 7, 216-225.

Castells, Manuel (2009), Comunicación y poder. Madrid: Alianza.

Castells, Manuel. (2012), Redes de indignación y esperanza. Madrid: Alianza.

Castells, Manuel. (2015), "Informationalism, networks, and the network society”, in Manuel Castells (ed.) (2004), The network society: a cross-cultural perspective. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

Coleman, Gabriela (2016), Las Mil caras de Anonymous: hackers, activistas, espías y bromistas. Barcelona: Arpa.

Deleuze, Gilles y Guattari, Félix (2002), Mil Mesetas. Valencia: Pre-textos.

Della Porta, Donatella y Tarrow Sidney (2005), Trasnational Protest and Global Activism. Nueva York: Rowman & Littlefield.

_____., Kriesi, Hans Peter y Rutch, Dieter (2009), Social Movements in a Globalizing World. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

_____. y Diani, Mario (2011), Los movimientos sociales. Madrid: CIS/Complutense.

_____. Snow, David; Klandermans, Bert y McAdam, Doug (Eds.) (2013), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements. Londres: Wiley.

Di Salvo, Philip y Negro, Gianluigi (2015), “Framing Edward Snowden: A comparative analysis of four newspapers in China, United Kingdom and United States”, Journalism, Julio 24, 1-18.

Diani, Mario y McAdam, Doug (2003), Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eagleton, Terry et Bourdieu, Peter (1992): “Doxa and Common Life”, New Left Review, Volume: 1, Issue: 191, 111-12.

Earl, Jennifer et al. (2010), “Changing the World One Webpage at a Time: Conceptualizing and Explaining Internet Activism”, Mobilization, 15, 425-446.

Estanque, Elisio; Costa, Hermes Augusto y Soeiro, José (2013), “The New Global Cycle of Protest and the Portuguese Case”, Journal of Social Science Education, 12, 31-40.

Fernández-Albertos, José (2015), Los votantes de Podemos. Del partido de los indignados al partido de los excluidos. Madrid: Catarata.

Fernández Prados, Juan Sebastián (2012), “Ciberactivismo: conceptualización, hipótesis y medida”, Arbor, 188, 756, 631-639.

Fraser, Nancy (2007), “Transnationalizing the Public Sphere. On the Legitimacy and Efficacy of Public Opinion in a Post-Westphalian World”, In: S. Benhabib, I. Shapiro y D. Petranovich (eds.), Identities, Affiliations, and Allegiances. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerbaudo, Paolo (2012), Tweets and the Streets: Social Media and Contemporary Activism. Londres: Pluto.

Ginzberg, Eli (Comp.) (1965), Tecnología y cambio social. México: UTEHA.

Goffman, Erving (1974), Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience. Londres: Harper and Row.

Gravante, Tommaso. (2012), “Las prácticas de apropiación, las nuevas tecnologías y el cambio social. Un estudio de caso: la insurgencia del popular Oaxaca”, Eptic online: revista electrônica internacional de economia política da informação, da comunição e da cultura. 2012 14(. 3): 44-62.

Grossman, Lawrence (1995), The Electronic Republic: Reshaping Democracy in the Information Age. Nueva York: Viking.

Gurak, Laura y Logie, John (2003), “Internet Protests, from Text to Web” in M. McCaughey y M. D. Ayers (eds.) (2003): Cyberactivism: Online Activism and Theory and Practice. New York: Routledge, 25-46.

Habermas, Jürgen (1989), The structural transformation of the public sphere. Cambridge: Polity.

Habermas, Jürgen, Burger, Thomas y Lawrence, Frederick (1990), “The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society.”, Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Mar.), 312-316.

Hecht, Gabrielle (2011), Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War. Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Hendricks, Jonh Allen y Kaid, Linda Lee (2011), Techno politics in presidential campaign: new voices, new technologies and new votes. Nueva York: Routledge.

Hindman, Elisabeth y Thomas, Ryan (2014), “When old and new media collide: The case of WikiLeaks”, New Media & Society, 16, 541-558.

Howard, Philip y Hussain, Muzamil (2013), Democracy's Fourth Wave? Digital Media and the Arab Spring. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Howe, Neil y Strauss, William (2000), Millennials rising: the next generation. Nueva York: Vintage.

Jiménez Melgarejo, Guillermo (2013), “La juventud y los movimientos sociales en el entorno de las nuevas tecnologías”, Revista de Estudios de Juventud, Nº. 103, 147-159.

Kahn, Richard y Kellner, Douglas (2004), “New Media and Internet Activism: From the ‘Battle of Seattle’ to Blogging.”, New Media & Society, 6, 87-95.

Kahn, Richard y Kellner, Douglas. (2005), “Oppositional Politics and the Internet: A Critical/Reconstructive Approach”, Cultural Politics, Vol 1. No. 1.

Kahn, Richard y Kellner, Douglas. (2007), "Resisting Globalization", in George Ritzer (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Globalization. London: Blackwell.

Kamarck, Elaine Ciulla y Nye, Joseph S. Jr. (eds.) (2002), Governance.com: Democracy in the Information Age. Washington, D.C.: Brookings.

Klandermans, Bert y Tarrow, Sidney (1988), “Mobilization into Social Movements: Synthesizing European and American Approaches”, International Social Movement Research, 1, 1–38.

Klotz, Audie (2002), “Transnational Activism and Global Transformation: The Anti-Apartheid and Abolitionist Experiences”, European Journal of International Relations, 8 (1), 49-76.

Kuhn, Thomas. S. (2007), La estructura de las Revoluciones Científicas. México D. F.: FCE.

Laclau Ernesto (1996), Emancipación y diferencia. Buenos Aires: Ariel.

Buenos Aires

Lang, Kurt y Engel Lang, Gladys (2009), “Mass Society, Mass Culture and Mass Communication: The Meaning of Mass”, International Journal of Communication, 3, 998-1024.

Lévy, Pierre (2001), Cyberdémocratie: Essai de philosophie politique. París: Jacob.

Mendes, José Manuel y Seixas Ana María (2005), “Acção colectiva e protesto em Portugal: Os movimentos sociais ao espelho dos media (1992-2002)”, Revista Critica de Ciências Sociais: Acção Colectiva, Protesto e Cidadania, 72, 99-127.

_____. y Araújo, Pedro (2013) (orgs.), Os lugares (im) possíveis da cidadania. Estado e risco num mundo globalizado. Coimbra: Almedina.

Medosch, Armin (2016), “Shockwaves in the New World Order of Information and Communication”, in Christiane Paul, (edt.), Blackwell Companion to Digital Art. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Dan Merceaa, Laura Iannellib & Brian D. Loaderc (2016), “Protest communication ecologies”, Information, Communication & Society, Volume 19, Issue 3, Special Issue: Protest Communication Ecologies, pages 279-289.

Milan, Stefania (2013), “From social movements to cloud protesting: the evolution of collective identity”, Information, Communication & Society, Volume 18, Issue 8, 2015, Special Issue: Social Media and Protest Identities, 887-900.

Mitchell, Timothy (2002): Rule of Experts Egypt, Techno-politics, Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Morin, Edgar (2004), “La epistemología de la complejidad”, Gazeta de Antropología, 20, 43 -77.

Morozov, Evgeny (2015), La locura del solucionismo ­tecnológico. Madrid: Clave Intelectual.

Mumford, Lewis (2006), Técnica y civilización. Madrid: Alianza.

Norris, Pippa (2000), A Virtuous Circle: Political Communications in Postindustrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Park, Dave; Jankowski, Nick y Jones, Steve (editors) (2011): The Long History of New Media: Technology, Historiography, and Contextualizing Newness. Berlin: Peter Lang.

Razquin, Adriana (2015), “Desbordamientos y viaje hacia la izquierda. Prehistoria del movimiento 15M: de #Nolesvotes a Democracia Real Ya”, Daimon. Revista Internacional de Filosofía, 51-70.

Russell, Bernard Harvey, y Pelto, Pertti J. (1972), Technology and social change. Nueva York: Macmillan.

Sabariego, Jesús (2005), “La globalización de las relaciones entre cultura y política: una nueva ecología social de la identificación”, in VA, Investigación de la paz y los Derechos Humanos desde Andalucía. Granada: Eirene, 2005, 437-456.

Sabariego, Jesús. (2007), Los otros derechos humanos. Cultura, Política y Movimientos Sociales en el Foro Social Mundial. Sevilla: Atrapasueños.

Sabariego, Jesús. (2018): La tecnopolítica de los Recientes Movimientos Sociales Globales. In Santos, Boaventura de Sousa and Mendes, José Manuel (Eds.), Demodiversidade. Belo Horizonte: Autêntica.

Sampedro, Víctor (coord.) (2011), Cibercampaña: cauces y diques para la participación. Las Elecciones Generales de 2008 y su proyección tecnopolítica. Madrid: Complutense.

Sassen, Saskia (2011), “The Global Street: Making the Political”, Globalizations, 8: 5, 573-579.

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa (2015), “Las revueltas mundiales de indignación: su significado para la teoría y para la práctica”, in J. L. Exeni (ed.), Revueltas de indignación y otras conversas. La Paz: Stigma, 17-36.

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa. (2010): Para descolonizar el occidente. Mas allá del pensamiento abismal. Buenos Aires: CLACSO.

Searle, John Rogers (1986), Actos de habla. Madrid: Cátedra.

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa. (1997), La construcción de la realidad social. Barcelona: Paidós Ibérica

Shirky, Clay (2008): Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. Londres: Penguin.

Sierra, Francisco (2013), Ciudadanía, Tecnología y Cultura. Nodos conceptuales para pensar la nueva mediación digital. Barcelona: Gedisa.

Sierra, Francisco and Gravante, Tommaso (2018). Technopolitics in Latin America. London: Palgrave.

Simões do Paço, António y Varela, Raquel (2015), "The “Memorandum of Understanding” in Portugal and the Portuguese Left.", Socialism and Democracy, 29, 3, 104-114.

Strangelove, Michael (2005), The Empire of Mind: Digital Piracy and the Anti-Capitalist Movement. Toronto: University of Toronto.

Taibo, Carlos (2011), Nada será como antes. Sobre el movimiento 15-M. Madrid: Catarata.

Tascón, Mario y Quintana, Yolanda (2012): Ciberactivismo. Las nuevas revoluciones de las multitudes conectadas. Madrid: Catarata.

Thorsen, Einar; Sreedharan Chindu y Allan, Stuart (2013), “Wikileaks and whistle-blowing: The framing of Bradley Manning.”, in Benedetta Brevini; Arne Hintz y Patrick McCurdy (eds): Beyond WikiLeaks: Implications for the Future of Communications, Journalism and Society. Nueva York: Palgrave Macmillan, 101–122.

Tilly, Charles y Tarrow, Sidney (2007), Contentious Politics. Boulder: Paradigm.

Tilly, Charles y Wood Lesley J. (2009), Social Movements, 1768-2008. Boulder: Paradigm.

Toret, Javier (Coord.) (2013), Tecnopolítica: la potencia de las multitudes conectadas. El sistema red 15M, un nuevo paradigma de la política distribuida. Barcelona: Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

Touraine, Alain (1978), “Théorie et pratique d'une sociologie de l'action”, Sociologie et sociétés, 10, 149-188.

Treré, Emiliano (2015), “Redescubriendo el poder transformador de la comunicación para el cambio social en la era del Big Data”, Comunicación y Sociedad, Jan-June, 23.

Treré, Emiliano y Mattoni, Alice (2016) Media ecologies and protest movements: main perspectives and key lessons. Information, Communication & Society 19:3, pages 290-306.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/1981369440999

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2019 Revista Eletrônica do Curso de Direito da UFSM

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - Não comercial - Sem derivações 4.0 Internacional.

REVISTA ELETRÔNICA DO CURSO DE DIREITO DA UFSM - Qualis A1

RECDUFSM  /  ISSN 1981-3694   /  Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5902/19813694  http://periodicos.ufsm.br/revistadireito

Revista Qualis A1 área de Direito /  Classificações de Periódicos Quadriênio 2013-2016 (CAPES)