Cadmiumtoxicity in plants




Phytoremediation, Cadmium, Glutathione, Phytochelatin


Phytoremediation is a technique that uses plants for decontaminating polluted areas, as soil and water, especially from heavy metals and organic contaminants, reducing their concentration to safe levels. In addition, it contributes to improve physical, chemical and biological characteristics of these areas. Among the several forms of environmental contamination resulted from industrial and agricultural activities, water contamination with heavy metals has been the one causing more concern to researchers and government institutions involved to pollution control. Cadmium (Cd) is one of the heavy metals more studied due to its high toxicity to plants and animals. In response to the stress caused by Cd, plants can develop many tolerance mechanisms which can operate sometimes as additional mechanisms. Two possible mechanisms can be the activation of the antioxidant system and/or changes in sulfur metabolism, specially glutathione, an essential substrate to phytochelatins (PC) biosynthesis. Rivers and dams have been being contaminated with heavy metals and other contamination forms due to urban and industrial discharges. Part of heavy metal elimination and/or contamination detection can be done using aquatic plants as Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms and Salvinia auriculata (Aubl.).


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Author Biographies

Licielo Romero Vieira, Universidade Federal do Pampa, São Gabriel, RS

Acadêmico do Curso de Bacharelado em Gestão Ambiental na Universidade Federal do Pampa - UNIPAMPA - Campus São Gabriel.

Emerson Silveira Corrêa, Universidade Federal do Pampa, São Gabriel, RS

Acadêmico do Curso de Bacharelado em Gestão Ambiental na Universidade Federal do Pampa - UNIPAMPA - Campus São Gabriel.

Beatriz Stoll Moraes, Universidade Federal do Pampa, São Gabriel, RS

Engenheira Química pela Universidade de Rio Grande (FURG); Mestre em Recursos Hídricos e Saneamento Ambiental pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) e atualmente é docente na Universidade Federal do Pampa - UNIPAMPA - Campus São Gabriel

Marivane Vestena Rossato, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS

Bacharel em Ciências Contábeis pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM); Mestre em Engenharia de Produção pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM); Doutora em Economia Aplicada pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) e atualmente é professora na Universidade Federal de Santa Maria 9UFSM).

Silvane Vestena, Universidade Federal do Pampa, São Gabriel, RS

Graduação em Ciências Biológicas (Licenciatura) pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM); Mestre em Botânica pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS); Doutora em Fisiologia Vegetal pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) e atualmente é docente pela Universidade Federal do Pampa (UNIPAMPA) Campus São Gabriel.


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How to Cite

Vieira, L. R., Corrêa, E. S., Moraes, B. S., Rossato, M. V., & Vestena, S. (2015). Cadmiumtoxicity in plants. Revista Eletrônica Em Gestão, Educação E Tecnologia Ambiental, 19(2), 1574–1588.




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