A sobre-representação dos estudantes de minorias culturais e linguísticas nos percursos de educação especial: uma revisão da literatura na Europa

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5902/1984686X67417

Palavras-chave:

Minoridades culturais e linguísticas, Necessidades educacionais especiais, interseccionalidade.

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é rever a literatura europeia publicada entre 2000 e 2020, sobre a questão da sobrerepresentação dos estudantes de minorias culturais e linguísticas (MCL) que são diagnosticados e rotulados pelas administrações educacionais como estudantes com deficiências, ou com Necessidades Educacionais Especiais (NEE). As pesquisas, realizadas nas bases de dados ERIC, SCOPUS e Web of Science, incidiram nas abordagens teórico-metodológicas destes estudos. Nosso interesse está focado nas abordagens teóricas e metodológicas para esses estudos. Os artigos analisados foram categorizados em 4 tipos de contribuições: a) organização escolar e desempenho acadêmico dos estudantes; b) vieses profissionais; c) procedimentos de diagnóstico e rotulagem; e d) a relação entre as desigualdades estruturais e a super-representação. Uma das principais conclusões desse estudo indica que, embora em muitos casos tenha sido adotada uma perspectiva uniaxial como a chave para a compreensão do fenômeno, com enfoque em fatores individuais tais como o preconceito profissional, o desempenho escolar, a natureza dos testes de diagnóstico, nos últimos anos tem havido uma mudança na forma como a investigação sobre a sobrerepresentação está a abordar a questão.

Biografia do Autor

Maria Antonietta Chieppa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid

Doctoranda en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Marta Sandoval, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid

Profesora doctora en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, España.

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Publicado

2021-12-27

Como Citar

Chieppa, M. A., & Sandoval, M. (2021). A sobre-representação dos estudantes de minorias culturais e linguísticas nos percursos de educação especial: uma revisão da literatura na Europa. Revista Educação Especial, 34, e67/1–25. https://doi.org/10.5902/1984686X67417

Edição

Seção

Dossiê – Deficiência e Interseccionalidade: culturas, políticas e práticas educacionais em debate