Land cover and its relation to cultural landscapes naturalness: the case of Sorocaba (SP)
Keywords:Urbanity Index, Municipality, Geotechnologies
The cultural landscapes consist in an element resultant from natural components conversion in other land use, process that implies in naturalness landscape loss and interferes in the ecosystem services provision. In this sense, the land use patter analysis and naturalness evaluation provide base to environmental problems comprehension and the human interference on natural systems. Front of this, the present work aimed to verify changes in the land use of Sorocaba (SP) municipality between 2007 and 2017, as well as the analysis of naturalness employing the Urbanity Index (IB). The results showed the predominance of agribusiness activities and urban areas. Reductions in agricultural class and increase of native vegetation were constated. In relation to Urbanity, was verified the predominance of categories that indicates low naturalness and a high anthropic interference, but with the native vegetation increase, occurred an expansion of high and medium naturalness areas. The IB allowed to verify the relation of land use and naturalness in a cultural landscape and pointed elements that should be considered in the planning.
CLIMATE-DATA [Internet]. Clima Sorocaba [cited 2019 abr 30]. Available from: https://pt.climate-data.org/america-do-sul/brasil/sao-paulo/sorocaba-756/. Access in: 30 Abr 2019.
CORRÊA, C. J. P.; TONELLO, K. C.; FRANCO, F. S. Análise hidroambiental da microbacia do Pirajibu-Mirim, Sorocaba, SP, Brasil. Revista Ambiente & Água, v. 11, n. 4, p. 943-953, 2016.
FERREIRA, C. S.; SILVA, F. L.; MOITAS, M. L.; FUSHITA, A. T.; BIANCHINI JÚNIOR, I.; CUNHA-SANTINO, M. B. River Monjolinho Watershed: water quality, sediment and Hemeroby Index. Ambiência, v. 14, n. 3, p. 522-538, 2018.
FUSHITA, A. T.; SANTOS, J. E. Socio-Economic Metabolism and Sustainability at a Watershed. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, v. 5, p. 678-687, 2015.
FUSHITA, A. T.; SANTOS, J. E.; SOUZA, I. M. M.; ROMANINI, E. R.; COSTA, R. T. Landscape Structural Indicators as a Tool to Assess Land Use Changes in Planning for Sub-Basin Sustainability (Southeastern Brazil). Journal of Water Resources and Protection, v. 8, n. 4, p. 482-492, 2016.
INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA – IBGE [Internet]. Cidades [cited 2019 abr 30]. Available from: https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/sp/sorocaba/panorama. Access in: 30 Abr 2019.
INSTITUTO BRASILEIRO DE GEOGRAFIA E ESTATÍSTICA – IBGE. Manual Técnico de Uso da Terra [Internet]. 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro (Brasil): IBGE, 2013 [cited 2020 set 18]. Available from: https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv81615.pdf. Access in: 18 Set 2020.
MANFREDINI, F. N. A história ambiental de Sorocaba. 1. ed. Sorocaba: Unesp, 2015, 180 p.
MILLENNIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT – MEA [Internet]. Ecosystems and Human Wellbeing: Synthesis [cited 2019 abr 30]. English. Available from:
https://www.millenniumassessment.org/documents/document.356.aspx.pdf .Access in: 30 Abr 2019.
NICOLAU, R. C. P.; KAWAKUBO, F. K.; POLO, R. L.; MINCATO, R. L. Implicações ambientais do novo código florestal brasileiro. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais, v. 48, p. 38-51, 2018.
NUCCI, J. C.; BELEM, A. L. G.; KROKER, R. Evolução da paisagem do bairro Santa Felicidade com base no conceito de hemerobia. Revista Do Departamento De Geografia, v. 31, p. 58-71, 2016.
O'NEILL RV, et al. Indices of landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology, v. 1, n. 3, p. 153-162, 1988.
OLIVEIRA-ANDREOLI, E. Z.; SILVA, F. L.; AGUILAR-LÓPEZ, F. M.; MACHADO, R.; TEODORO, C. C.; BIANCHINI JR., I.; CUNHA-SANTINO, M. B.; FUSHITA, A. T. Importância do planejamento regional para a manutenção dos usos múltiplos da água em bacias hidrográficas. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais, n. 52, p. 16 - 27, 2019.
PORTAL DE ESTATÍSTICAS DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO - SEADE [Internet]. Sistema Seade de Projeções Populacionais [cited 2019 abr 30]. Available from:
https://produtos.seade.gov.br/produtos/projpop/index.php. Access in: 30 Abr 2019.
SILVA, A. M. Land cover change and environmental quality assessment using GIS techniques - a case study in Brazilian Southeastern region for the period 1988 - 2003. Revista Ambiente & Água, v. 5, n. 2, p. 40–50, 2010.
SILVA, F. L.; OLIVEIRA, E. Z.; PICHARILLO, C.; RUGGIERO, M. H.; COSTA, C. W.; MOSCHINI, L. E. Naturalidade da paisagem verificada por meio de indicadores ambientais: manancial do Rio Monjolinho, São Carlos-SP. Revista Brasileira de Geografia Física, v. 10, n. 3, p. 970–980, 2017.
SILVA, F. L.; STEFANI, M. S.; SMITH, W. S.; SCHIAVONE, D. C.; CUNHA-SANTINO, M. B.; BIANCHINI JR., I. An applied ecological approach for the assessment of anthropogenic disturbances in urban wetlands and the contributer river. Ecological Complexity, v. 43, p. 1 - 12, 2020.
SILVA, K. F.; DORICI, M.; ALMEIDA, D.; MORALES, L. S.; MOSCHINI, L. E. Naturalidade da paisagem do município de Luís Antônio, São Paulo. Ciência e Natura, v. 40, p. [S.I.], 2018.
SMITH, W. S.; MOTA, JR. V. D.; CASTELLARIA, R. R. O papel do município na conservação da biodiversidade. Rev. Biologia Neotropica. v. 13, n. 2, p. 285-299, 2016.
SMITH, W. S.; SILVA, F. L.; AMORIM, S. R.; SEVERINO, M. S. Urban biodiversity: how the city can do its management?. Biodiversity International Journal, v. 2, n. 3, p. 272-277, 2018.
WALZ, U.; STEIN, C. Indicators of hemeroby for the monitoring of landscapes in Germany. Journal for Nature Conservation. v. 22, p. 279-289, 2014.
WRBKA, T.; ERB, K.; SCHULZ, N. B.; PETERSEIL, J.; HAHN, C.; HABERL, H. Linking pattern and process in cultural landscapes. An empirical study based on spatially explicit indicators. Land Use Policy, v. 21, n. 3, p. 289-306, 2004.
- 2022-01-14 (2)
- 2021-03-08 (1)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Ciência e Natura
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
To access the DECLARATION AND TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AUTHOR’S DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT LICENSE click here.
Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication
The Ciência e Natura journal is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles.
Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.
Authors: Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review Articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. The Authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal. The corresponding Author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all Co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.
Editors: Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit. An Editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the Author. Editors should take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.
Reviewers: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that Authors can use them for improving the paper. Any selected Reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.