The Investigation of Environmental Security of Ladies Park Using Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (cpted) Approach - Case Study- qom narges Park
Keywords:Environmental sense of security. CPTED approach. Women's perspective. Narges Park. Qom.
Environmental security enhancement (based on people understanding about their surroundings) is one of the most important approaches which are considered by advanced societies in the social sciences, management and “environment designing” in order to improve the use of “ladies parks”. Safety as an objective and subjective receiving is arising from the structure and layout of the environment. Therefore, to increase it, required criteria and standards should be considered for designing the ladies parks. The aim of this study is to investigate the environmental security of Ladies Park by using Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) approach. This is a kind of descriptive and analytical study based on survey using inventory technique. This study expresses the problems of ladies parks by using CPTED approach. The statistical population of this research is Narges Park (Qom, Iran), the first park which has been constructed in the city for women. The results of the study show that women in their exclusive parks look for relaxation away from the masculine environment. The existence of environmental security and preventing people from seeing inside the park is one of the key factors which can increase the parks privacy and create peace of mind for users of the park. To increase the level of security in our environment, this study suggests the spaces proper design according to social cultural and ideological conditions of the city and park landscaping using Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) approach.
Poor Jafar, Mohammad Reza, Mahmoudi Nejad, Hadi, Rafieeyan, Mojtaba and Ansari, Mojtaba (2008), Improving the environmental security and reducing the civic crime using CPTED approach, nternational Journal of Engineering Science of University of Science and Technology, Volume 19, Issue 16, Pages: 76 to 79.
Governor of Qom, (2012), Statistical Yearbook of Qom.
Almasi Far, Nina, Ansari, Mojtaba (2010), the investigation of the environmental security in regional park as part of urban spaces, Issue 25, pp: 21 -34.
Bemanian, Mohammad Reza, Rafieeyan, Mojtaba, Zabetiyan, Elham (2009), Assessing the factors affecting the promotion of women's safety in urban environments, Journal, Volume 7, Number 26, pp: 49 68.
Report, the World Health Organization (1998): 297.
Conference Report 2003: 5.
Report, the World Health Organization (1998): 271.
Hafez Niya, Mohammad Reza (2013), Research methods in social sciences, Samt Publication, Tehran
Bell, Wendy (1998) women and community safety, Bellplannihg Asso dates soutn Australia, No 32, P 1-26.
Ditton jason (2000) Crimean the city, public attitudes towards open- street CCTvin Glasgow, ox ford, The center for crime and justice studies (ISTD), BRTT.CRIMINoL.
Stiesdel (1998)” fear and gender in public Space, city center management and safer city centers: approaches coventry and nottinghum”,university Nottingham institute of urban planning , school of built environment ,pergamon ,uk. “Safety and safety promotion: conoceptualand operational Aspects", world health organization, center on community safety promotion, Karolin's Instituted, Sweden, sptember1998.
Report of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) London Conference, 17 June 2003
M.Lubuva, johnand Anna Mtani (2004) urban space and security: A case of the Dares salaam, safety Audits for women, Dares salaam, Tanzania, 13- 17. Making safer places, women's safety in our cries, National conference, conference Report, London, 18th November 2005.
Rose wame, Louren (2005) the men's gallery, out door advertising and public space: Gen der, fear, and femin ism, Department of political science, university of Melbourne, victoria, women's studies Imitational Forum 28, www. Elsevier. Com/ wsif.
Wad ham, Doro thy (2003) a womonin the public sphere, oxFord University press, English Historical Review.
Www. Feminst. Com, (2006).
How to Cite
To access the DECLARATION AND TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT AUTHOR’S DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT LICENSE click here.
Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication
The Ciência e Natura journal is committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles.
Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher.
Authors: Authors should present an objective discussion of the significance of research work as well as sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the experiments. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review Articles should also be objective, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. The Authors should ensure that their work is entirely original works, and if the work and/or words of others have been used, this has been appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Authors should not submit articles describing essentially the same research to more than one journal. The corresponding Author should ensure that there is a full consensus of all Co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.
Editors: Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit. An Editor must not use unpublished information in the editor's own research without the express written consent of the Author. Editors should take reasonable responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper.
Reviewers: Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that Authors can use them for improving the paper. Any selected Reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.