O Coronavírus é um objeto? A metametafísica encontra as ciências médicas

Raoni Wohnrath Arroyo

Resumo


Em termos ontológicos, o que podemos aprender com o atual estado da arte na Epidemiologia? Aplicando o critério Quineano de comprometimento ontológico, podemos aprender que existem diversas entidades fundamentais para que a teoria funcione. Uma delas é uma entidade do tipo vírus, em que o infame Coronavirus é um caso particular. Em termos metafísicos, essa entidade pode, em princípio, ser entendida de diversas maneiras. Uma dessas maneiras aparentemente, e, talvez, intuitivamente, é a noção de objeto. Aplicando o método metametafísico das Unavailable Metaphysical Stories, verificamos que a Epidemiologia é incompatível com uma metafísica de objetos.


Palavras-chave


Ontologia naturalizada; Metafísica; Metametafísica; Epidemiologia; Ciências médicas; Estórias metafísicas indisponíveis

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referências


ANDERSEN, K.; RAMBAUT, A.; LIPKIN, W.; HOLMES, E.;

GARRY, R. The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nature medicine, v. 26, n. 4, p. 450–452, 2020.

ARENHART, J. Ontological frameworks for scientific theories. Foundations of science, Springer, v. 17, n. 4, p. 339–356, 2012.

ARROYO, R. Discussions on physics, metaphysics and metametaphysics: Interpreting quantum mechanics. PhD Dissertation. Florianópolis, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2020.

ARROYO R.; ARENHART, J. Between Physics and Metaphysics: A Discussion of the Status of Mind in Quantum Mechanics. In: de Barros J., Montemayor C. (Eds.). Quanta and Mind: Essays on the Connection between Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness. Cham: Springer, 2019.

CHAKRAVARTTY, A. A metaphysics for scientific realism: Knowing the unobservable. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

D’AMICO, R. Disease and the Concept of Supervenience. In: Kincaid, H. and McKitrick, J. (Eds.). Establishing Medical Reality: Essays in the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Biomedical Science. Dordrecht: Springer, 2011. P. 35–45.

DUPRÉ, J.; GUTTINGER, S. Viruses as living processes. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, v. 59, p. 109-116, 2016.

FRENCH, S. Handling Humility. In: Galparsoro, J.; Cordero, A. (Eds.). Reflections on Naturalism. Plantijnstraat: Springer, 2013. P. 85–104.

FRENCH, S. The structure of the world: Metaphysics and representation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

FRENCH, S. Realism and Metaphysics. In: Saatsi, J. (Ed.). The Routledge Handbook of Scientific Realism. New York: Routledge, 2018. P. 394–406.

FRENCH, S; KRAUSE, D. Identity in physics: A historical, philosophical, and formal analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

GHISELIN, T. A Radical Solution to the Species Problem. Systematic Zoology, v. 23, n. 4, p. 536-544, 1974.

HARMAN, G. An outline of object-oriented philosophy. Science Progress, v. 96, n. 2, 187–199, 2013.

HULL, D. Are Species Really Individuals? Systematic Zoology, v. 25, n. 2, p. 174–191, 1976.

KINCAID, H. and MCKITRICK, J. Introduction. In: Kincaid, H. and MCKITRICK, J. (Eds.). Establishing Medical Reality: Essays in the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Biomedical Science. Dordrecht: Springer, 2011. P. 1–11.

KORMAN, D. Ordinary Objects. In: Zalta, E. (Ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Spring Edition, 2016. Available at: . Access: 16th April, 2020.

KRÄMER A.; KRETZSCHMAR, M.; KRICKEBERG, K. Modern infectious disease: Epidemiology concepts, methods, mathematical models, and public health. New York: Springer, 2010.

KUKLA, R. Infertility, epistemic risk, and disease definitions. Synthese v. 196, p. 4409–4428, 2019.

LADYMAN, J.; ROSS, D. Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

LEE, K. Epidemiology is ecosystem science. Synthese, 2019.

LEWNARD, J; LO, N. Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 2020.

MAUDLIN, T. The metaphysics within physics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

RESCHER, N. Process metaphysics: An introduction to process philosophy. New York: SUNY Press, 1997.

RIEPPEL, O. Species as a Process. Acta Biotheoretica, v. 57 n. 1-2, p. 33–49, 2008.

SIMON, J. Medical Ontology. In: Gifford, F. (Ed.). Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Volume 16: Philosophy of Medicine. Amsterdam, Elsevier: 2011. P. 65–114.

THOMSON-JONES, M. Against Bracketing and Complacency: Metaphysics and the Methodology of the Sciences. In: Slater, M.; Yudell, Z. Metaphysics in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. P. 229–250.

VALLES, S. Philosophy of Biomedicine. In: Zalta, Edward N. (Ed.). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Summer Edition, 2020. Available in: . Access in: April 16th, 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2179378643633

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2020 Voluntas: Revista Internacional de Filosofia

Licença Creative Commons

Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-Não Comercial-Compartilha Igual 4.0 Internacional.