REVERSE LOGISTICS: CASE STUDY OF A REMANUFACTURER COMPANY FIRE EXTINGUISHER
Keywords:Reverse Logistics, Remanufacturing, Fire Extinguishers.
Concerns about the environment have led the society to develop new procedures to properly allocate the products that have reached the end of its useful life. From the point of view of companies operating channels of reverse logistics it is important to ensure both business viability and environmental compliance. This article presents a single case study and exploratory with the purpose of comparing motivations and difficulties for the operation of the reverse channel remanufacturing with the literature, in the case of fire extinguishers. For this reason, technical visits and interviews were conducted in a company that recharges fire extinguishers in Sorocaba region. The results showed that, in accordance with the literature, the extinguishers remanufacturing process provides economic and strategic advantage due to the opportunity to carry out other services such as installation of fire preventing and fighting systems, works maintenance, monitoring of Firefighters Survey and fire brigades training. On the other hand, the researched company does not present the typical problems reported in the literature about the uncertainties regarding the collection of extinguishers, their quality and acquisition of carcasses.Therefore concludes that the company has a well-established reverse logistics operation.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE NORMAS TÉCNICAS (ABNT). NBR 12962: Inspeção, manutenção e recarga em extintores de incêndio - Procedimento. Rio de Janeiro, 4 p., 1998.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE NORMAS TÉCNICAS (ABNT). NBR 12693: Sistemas de Proteção por extintores de incêndio. Rio de Janeiro, 22 p., 2013.
BAI, C.; SARKIS, J. Flexibility in reverse logistics: a framework and evaluation approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 47, p. 306-318, 2013.
BRASIL. Lei Nº 12.305, de 2 de agosto de 2010. Institui a Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos; altera a Lei no 9.605, de 12 de fevereiro de 1998; e dá outras providências. Disponível em: <http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2007-2010/2010/lei/l12305.htm>. Acesso em: 25 fev. 2014.
BERNARD, S. Remanufacturing. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, v. 62, p. 337–351, 2011.
BRAS, B., MCINTOSH, MW. Product, process, and organizational design for remanufacture - an overview of research. Robotics and Computers-Integrated Manufacturing, v. 15, n. 3, p. 167-178, 1999.
CHEN, C.; WANG, Y.; OU H.; HE, Y.; TANG, X.A review on remanufacture of dies and moulds. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 64, p. 13-23, 2014.
DONATO, V. Logística Verde: Uma Abordagem Sócio-Ambiental. Ciência Moderna, Rio de Janeiro, 276 p., 2008.
DUFLOU, J. R.; SELIGER, G.; KARA, S.; UMEDA, Y.; OMETTO, A.; WILLEMS,B. Efficiency and feasibility of product disassembly: A case-based study. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, v. 57, p. 583–600, 2008.
FLEISCHMANN, M.; BEULLENS, P.; RUWAARD, J. M. B.; WASSENHOVE, L. N. V. The Impact of Product Recovery on Logistics Network Design. Production and Operations Management, v. 10, n. 2, p. 156–173, 2001.
GIL, A. C. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. 4a ed. - São Paulo: Atlas, p. 176 , 2002.
GONZALEZ-TORRE, P.L.; ADENSO-DIAZ, B.; ARTIBA, H. Environmental and reverse logistics policies in European bottling and packaging firms. International Journal of Production Economics, v. 88, p. 95-104, 2004.
GUIDE JR., V. D. R. Production planning and control for remanufacturing: industry practice and research needs. Journal of Operations Management , v.18, p. 467–483, 2000.
HATCHER, G. D.; IJOMAH, W. L.; WINDMILL, J. F. C.; Design for remanufacture: a literature review and future research needs. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 19, p. 2004-2014, 2011.
IJOMAH, W. L.; MCMAHON, C. A. HAMMOND, G. P; NEWMAN, S.T.; Development of design for remanufacturing guidelines to support sustainable manufacturing. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufaturing, v. 23, n. 6, p. 712-719 , 2007.
INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE PESOS E MEDIDAS (INMETRO). Portaria Inmetro. n.206, de 18 de maio de 2011. Avaliação da Conformidade para os Serviços de Inspeção Técnica e Manutenção de Extintores de Incêndio, Diário Oficial [da] Republica Federativa do Brasil, Brasília, DF. p.105. Seção 1.
KATES, R.W.; CLARK, W.C.; CORELL, R.; Environment and development - Sustainability science. Science. v. 292; p.641-642, 2001.
KIM, Y.; KWON, K. An efficient methodology for evaluating the nozzle performance of water-based automatic fire extinguishers. Korean J. Chem. Eng., v. 29, n. 7, p. 908-912, 2012.
LEE, C.K.M.; LAM, L. S. L. Managing reverse logistics to enhance sustainability of industrial marketing. Industrial Marketing Management, v. 41, p. 589–598, 2012.
LEITE, P. R. Logística Reversa: Meio Ambiente e Competitividade. 2 ed.Prentice Hall, 2009.272 p.
LIU, Z.; KIM, A. K. A review of water mist fire suppression systems-fundamental studies. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, v. 10, n.3, p.32–50, 2000.
LIU, Z. KIM, A. K.; CARPENTER, D. A study of portable water mist fire extinguishers used for extinguishment of multiple fire types. Fire Safety Journal, v. 42, p. 25–42, 2007.
OH, YH; HWANG, H. Deterministic inventory model for recycling system. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, v. 17, n. 4, p. 423-428, 2006.
OSTLIN, J.; SUNDIN, E.; BJORKMAN, M.; Importance of closed-loop supply chain relationships for product remanufacturing. International Journal of Production Economics, v. 115, n. 2, p.336-348, 2008.
PRATICO, F. G.; MORO, A.; AMMENDOLA, R. Potential of fire extinguisher powder as a filler in bituminous mixes. Journal of Hazardous Materials, v.173, p. 605–613, 2010.
PEATTIE, K.; RATNAYAKA, M. Responding to the green movement. Industrial Marketing Management, v. 21, n.2, p. 103–110, 1992.
RAVI, V.; SHANKAR, R. Analysis of interactions among the barriers of reverse logistics. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, v. 72, p. 1011-1029, 2005.
ROGERS, D. S.; TIBBEN-LEMBKE, R. S. Going Backwards: Reverse Logistics Trends and Practices. Reno, University of Nevada, 283 p., 1998.
SARKIS, J.; HELMS, M. M.; HERVANI, A. A. Reverse logistics and social sustainability. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, v. 17, n. 6, p. 337-354, 2010.
SAAVEDRA, Y. M. B.; BARQUET, A. P. B.; ROZENFELD, H.; FORCELLINI, F. A.; OMETTO, A. R. Remanufacturing in Brazil: case studies on the automotive sector. Journal of Cleaner Production, n.53, p. 267-276, 2013.
SEITZ, M. A. A critical assessment of motives for product recovery: the case of engine remanufacturing. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 15, n. 11-12, p. 1147–1157, 2007.
SELIGER G.; FRANK C.; CIUPEK M.; BASDERE, B.; Process and Facility Planning for Mobile Phone Remanufacturing. CIRP Annals 53(1) 5-8, 2004.
STEINHILPER, R. Remanufacturing: The Ultimate Form of Recycling. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB Verlag, 1998, 108 p.
TOFFEL, MW; Strategic management of product recovery. California Management Review, v.46, n. 2, p. 120-141, 2004.
UMEDA, Y.; KONDOH, S.; SUGINO, T. Proposal of “Marginal Reuse Rate” for Evaluating Reusability of Products. International Conference on Engineering Design, Melbourne, 2005.
UNITED NATIONS. Report of The World Comission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future, 1987.
XIAOMENG, Z.; BIAO, Z.; XIANG, J. Study of fire-extinguishing performance of portable water-mist fire extinguisher in historical buildings. Journal of Cultural Heritage, v, 11, p. 392–397, 2010.
YIN, R. K. Estudo de caso: planejamento e métodos. 2.ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2001. 200p.