Cyanotoxins removal from the water: a review


  • Evaldo de Melo Ferreira Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG
  • Keila Castro Oliveira Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG



Sanitation, Environmental control, Environmental engineering, Water quality


The aim of this work is to show the state-of-the-art about powdered activated carbon and cyanotoxins removal, normally used to avoid health problems in drinking water. The work is part of the PhD research of the second author. Brazilian government has one important law about the subject, named as ordinance 2.914, which provides procedures for water quality control and monitoring. In addition, the standards of portability. Problems caused by cyanotoxins are discussed as one the most dangerous for the public health. The problems linked with cyanobacteria for a long time have been neglected. Some of the problems caused for the presence of this toxins in the water are gastroenteritis, hepato-enteritis and other diseases of the liver and kidney, cancer, skin irritations, allergies, conjunctivitis, vision problems, muscle weakness, respiratory problems, asphyxia, seizures and in extreme cases death. Papers from different bases were consulted as materials in this research. The main bases were Scopus, Science Direct, and SciELO.


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Biografia do Autor

Evaldo de Melo Ferreira, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG

Membro de corpo editorial das revistas Enciclopédia Biosfera e Agrarian Academy. É revisor dos periódicos científicos Global Science and Technology e da revista Engenharia Sanitária e Ambiental, possuindo essa última Qualis A2 em Planejamento Urbano e Regional/Demografia, Administração, Ciências Contábeis e Turismo, Ciências Ambientais e Geografia. Cursa mestrado em Agronomia e Pós-Graduação Lato Sensu em Planejamento e Gestão Ambiental, ambos na Universidade Federal de Goiás. Atua nas áreas de monitoramento da qualidade da água e manejo sustentável do solo.

Keila Castro Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG

Possui graduação em Engenharia Ambiental (2012). Mestre pelo programa de pós-graduação no departamento Engenharia Civil da Universidade Federal de Viçosa (2015). Seus interesses estão na área de saneamento, atua principalmente nos seguintes temas: tratamento e qualidade da água para consumo humano, tratamento de águas residuárias e microbiologia aplicada.


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Como Citar

Ferreira, E. de M., & Oliveira, K. C. (2017). Cyanotoxins removal from the water: a review. Revista Monografias Ambientais, 15(2), 18–31.




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