Biodegradation and biotransformation of petroleum hydrocarbons: progress, prospects, and challenges




Petroleum hydrocarbons, Ecological impacts, Bioremediation


Oil is considered the main source of energy, being essential for the realization of various industrial activities. However, it is detrimental to the environment, since in addition to the release of polluting gases during combustion, its exploitation involves risks of water contamination, through leaks. Petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants are part of the recalcitrant compounds and their elimination from the environment causes enormous ecological impacts. The restoration of these environments is not a trivial challenge, as natural degradation, without anthropogenic involvement, depends on the nature, composition, physical and chemical properties of these compounds. Thus, bioremediation appears as alternative in the biodegradation process through the addition of microorganisms, nutrients or other substances that cause and accelerate decontamination. The advantages of these methods involve efficiency and low cost, when compared to other technologies. This work gathers knowledge about the perspectives of application of bioremediation systems in the recovery of environments polluted by petroleum hydrocarbons, discussing progress, perspectives and challenges.


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Author Biographies

Raul José Alves Felisardo, Universidade Tiradentes, Aracaju, SE

Doutorando em Engenharia de Processo, Formado em Engenharia de Petróleo pela Universidade Tiradentes - UNIT (2018) com período sanduíche na Universidad de Sevilla na Espanha (2017). Pós-graduado em Gestão Ambiental pela Faculdade Única. 

Amanda de Azevedo Gonçalves, Universidade Tiradentes, Aracaju, SE

Doutora em Engenharia de Processos na UNIT. Mestre em Recursos Hídricos na UFS. Especialista em Engenharia de Saneamento Básico e Ambiental. Especialista em Educação Ambiental e Graduada em Engenharia Ambiental. 


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How to Cite

Felisardo, R. J. A., & Gonçalves, A. de A. (2023). Biodegradation and biotransformation of petroleum hydrocarbons: progress, prospects, and challenges. Revista Eletrônica Em Gestão, Educação E Tecnologia Ambiental, 27, e1.