Biosorption textile wastewater employing lemon peel derivatives: data analysis and kinetic modeling




Agro-industrial waste, Binary biosorption, Lemon peel, Neural network, Textilesynthetic dyes, Wastewater treatment


The present work aimed to evaluate the efficiency of an agro-industrial waste biosorbent in the removal of real textile wastewater. A model sample with methylene blue and remazol golden yellow at equimolar proportions was prepared to be treated with in natura, carbonized, and activated lemon peel beads. Activated biosorbent demonstrated superior capacity and removal rates. Characterization analyses investigated the morphology and physico-chemical properties of the biomaterial. The pH (2.0) and dosage (1.6 g.L-1) studies were carried out to select parameters for further studies. In kinetic assays, methylene blue equilibrium was reached faster than remazol golden yellow RNL. The analyses of fitting parameters indicated Elovich kinetic model to describe biosorption of the yellow dye while pseudo-first-order fit best to the blue dye biosorption data. The intraparticle diffusion model indicated that more than one step may limit biosorption kinetics. In the treatment of real textile wastewater, 94.22% of dyes removal was attained after 360 minutes of operation at the selected operational conditions. Kinetics of adsorption of real wastewater presented considerable fitting to the models with R² greater than 0.93. An artificial neural network model was developed to describe the removal of dyes in real wastewater with satisfactory fitting (R2 = 0.990).



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Author Biographies

Naiana Santos da Cruz Santana Neves, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheira Química pela UFPE (2016). Mestre em Engenharia Química pela UFPE (2019). Atualmente, é doutoranda pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química da UFPE.

Ramon Vinícius Santos de Aquino, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Bacharel em Química Industrial pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) e Mestre em Engenharia Química pelo PPGEQ-UFPE. 

Ingrid Larissa da Silva Santana, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheira Química pela UFPE (2019). Mestre em Engenharia Química pela UFPE (2022). Atualmente, é doutoranda pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Química da UFPE.

Welenilton José do Nascimento Júnior, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Bacharel em Química Industrial pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (2017) com período sanduíche em Cardiff University (Cardiff, Reino Unido) no Bacharel em Química. Mestre em Engenharia Química pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2019). Doutorando em Engenharia Química no Departamento de Engenharia Química (UFPE). Atua como Professor Assistente no Departamento de Química Fundamental (UFPE) na área de Química Geral.

Ada Azevedo Barbosa, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheira de Alimentos pela UESB (2011). Mestre em Engenharia de Alimentos pela UESB (2013). Engenheira Química pela UNINASSAU (2019). Doutora em Engenharia Química pela UFPE (2019).

Rafaela Ferreira Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Atualmente, graduanda em Químico Industrial pela UFPE.

Josivan Pedro Silva, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheiro Químico pela UFPE (2010). Mestre em Engenharia Química pela UFPE (2013). Doutor em Engenharia Química pela UFPE (2018).

Mohand Benachour, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheiro Químico pela Ecole Nationale Polytechnique D Alger (1984). Mestre pela Universitè de Technologie de Compiègne (1985). Doutor em Génie Des Procédés pelo Institut National Polytéchnique de Lorraine (1990). Atualmente é professor titular da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.

Otidene Rossiter Sá da Rocha, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Engenheira Química pela UFPE (2004), Mestre em Engenharia Química pela UFRN (2007) e Doutora em Engenharia Química pela UFRN (2010). Atualmente é professor adjunto do Departamento de Engenharia Química da UFPE.



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How to Cite

Neves, N. S. da C. S., Aquino, R. V. S. de, Santana, I. L. da S., Nascimento Júnior, W. J. do, Barbosa, A. A., Carvalho, R. F., Silva, J. P., Benachour, M., & Rocha, O. R. S. da. (2022). Biosorption textile wastewater employing lemon peel derivatives: data analysis and kinetic modeling. Revista Eletrônica Em Gestão, Educação E Tecnologia Ambiental, 26, e2.




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