Canola oil as an alternative quenchant for the AISI 8640 steel
Keywords:Microstructure, Phase transformation, AISI 8640 steel, Canola oil, Quenching
AISI 8640 is one of the most used steel in the manufacturing industry due its wide range of applicability and properties. The quenching process is commonly applied in parts made of this steel in order to enhance some properties, such as strength and hardness. Petroleum derived oils are the most common quenchants, however this kind of quenchant is considered to be non-biodegradable, toxic to the health and environment, as well as, not renewable. In the present study, canola oil presented the same efficiency than a conventional petroleum derived oil in the quenching process of AISI 8640 steel billets with diameter of 25.4mm.
BARROQUEIRO, B.; DIAS-DE-OLIVEIRA, J.; PINHO-DA-CRUZ, J.; ANDRADE-CAMPOS, A. Multiscale analysis of heat treatments in steels: Theory and practice. Finite Elem. Anal. Des. 2016;114:39–56.
BRITO, P.; RAMOS, P. A.; RESENDE, L. P.; DE FARIA, D. A.; RIBAS, O. K. Experimental investigation of cooling behavior and residual stresses for quenching with vegetable oils at different bath temperatures. J. Clean. Prod. 2019;216:230–238.
CALLISTER JR., W. D.; RETHWISCH, D. G. Ciência Engenharia de Materiais - Uma Introdução. 8a ed. Brasil: LTC, 2012.
CASEIRO, J. F.; OLIVEIRA, J. A.; ANDRADE-CAMPOS, A. Thermomechanical modelling strategies for multiphase steels. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 2011;53(9):720–733.
CHANDLER, H. Heat Treater’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels. 2nd ed. [S. l.]: ASM International, 1995.
DAS GUPTA, S. C. Evaluation of quenching media using the end-quench hardenability test [thesis]. Missouri University of Science and Technology, 1949. 81 p.
EL-KINAWY, O.; EL-HAMIDI, M.; ABDALLAH, R. Utilization of non edible oils in lubrication as substitution to mineral oils. J. Appl. Sci. Res. 2013;9(6):3492–3496.
ERHAN, S. Z.; SHARMA, B. K.; PEREZ, J. M. Oxidation and low temperature stability of vegetable oil-based lubricants. Ind. Crops Prod. 2006;24(3):292–299.
IACOVIELLO, F.; DI COCCO, V.; ROSSI, A.; CAVALLINI, M. Damaging Micromechanisms Characterization in Pearlitic Ductile Cast Irons. Procedia Mater. Sci. 2014;3:295–300.
KRAUSS, G. Martensite in steel: strength and structure. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 1999;273–275:40–57.
MATIJEVIC, B.; CANALE, B. F.; LISCIC, B.; TOTTEN, G. Using Thermal Gradient Measurements to Compare Bath Temperature and Agitation Effects on the Quenching Performance of Palm Oil , Canola Oil and a Conventional Petroleum Oil. Mater. Perform. Charact. 2019;8(1):223–248.
PÉREZ, E. A. R.; FRYE, S. R.; LLANO, J. F. M. PERFORMANCE OF VEGETABLE OILS ON THE HARDNESS AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF AISI 1045 STEEL QUENCHED. Int. J. Mech. Eng. Technol. 2019;10(1):1120–1127.
SEQUEIRA, W.; JENSEN, M.; PETERSON, E.; THIEMAN, S. Re-Engineering, Austempering, and Selective Laser Hardening of a 4340 Latch Body used in the Cargo Hook of a CH-47 Military Helicopter. SAE Technical Paper 2007;2007-01-3809.
SILVEIRA, F. da; ZUCHETTO, A.; RUPPENTHAL, J. E.; MACHADO, F. M. Tratamento Térmico de Têmpera em Aço ABNT 8640: análise das Propriedades Mecânicas. HOLOS, 2018;2:49–59.
SIMENCIO OTERO, R. L.; CANALE, L. C. F.; TOTTEN, G. E.; MEEKISHO, L. Vegetable Oils as Metal Quenchants: A Comprehensive Review. Mater. Perform. Charact. 2017;6(1):MPC20160112.
ŠMAK, R.; VOTAVA, J.; POLCAR, A. THE COOLING MEDIA INFLUENCE ON SELECTED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF STEEL. Acta Technol. Agric. 2020;23(4):183–189.
- 2022-07-25 (2)
- 2021-03-22 (1)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Revista Eletrônica em Gestão, Educação e Tecnologia Ambiental
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.DECLARATION