Interações entre usuários brasileiros sobre enfrentamento e apoio social durante pandemias: um estudo de análise de mídia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5902/2179769284328

Palavras-chave:

Brasil, COVID-19, Ciência, Tecnologia e Sociedade, Mídias Sociais, Vacinação

Resumo

Objetivo: explorar como a comunidade online brasileira mobilizou seus próprios recursos de enfrentamento durante a pandemia de COVID-19 para lidar com as preocupações com a vacinação em massa, gerenciar e lidar com os estressores pessoais provocados pela pandemia e buscar apoio social. Método: o Modelo Canadense de Promoção da Saúde da População e o Modelo Transacional de Estresse e Coping enquadraram esta análise de conteúdo midiático com foco em um evento de impacto social: a autorização da vacinação contra a COVID-19 no Brasil. Resultados: a recuperação das postagens (janeiro-maio de 2021) encontrou 488 conteúdos distribuídos como modus operandi (n=117; 24%), estratégias de enfrentamento focadas na emoção (n=175; 35,8%), no problema (n=40; 8,1%), na reflexão (n=67; 13,7%) e na oferta de apoio social (n=89; 18,2%). Entre as cinco principais (n=393; 80,5%) ações e estratégias de enfrentamento, 255 conteúdos sobre estratégias de enfrentamento predominaram com discurso de enfrentamento focado na emoção (n=160; 63,2%). Conclusão: as interações mantiveram um sentimento de conexão e criaram um contexto de pertencimento, apoio e motivação.

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Biografia do Autor

Margareth Santos Zanchetta, Toronto Metropolitan University

Enfermeira, Doutora, Toronto Metropolitan University- Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Toronto, Ontário, Canadá.

Vanessa, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste

Psicóloga, Bacharel, Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste do Paraná, Irati, Paraná, Brasil.

Stephanie, McMaster University

n/a

Janaina Soares, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Enfermeira, Doutora, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Enfermagem, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, email: janainas@ufmg.br, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9991-654X

Edwaldo, Marinha do Brasil

Comunicólogo, Doutor, Marinha do Brasil, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

Marcelo Medeiros, Universidade Federal de Goiás

Enfermeiro, Doutor, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil

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Publicado

2023-10-10 — Atualizado em 2023-12-27

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Santos Zanchetta, M. S., Vanessa, Stephanie Pedrotti, Soares, J., Edwaldo, & Medeiros, M. (2023). Interações entre usuários brasileiros sobre enfrentamento e apoio social durante pandemias: um estudo de análise de mídia. Revista De Enfermagem Da UFSM, 13, e35. https://doi.org/10.5902/2179769284328 (Original work published 10º de outubro de 2023)

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