Antibiofilm and antibacterial effects of essential oils extracted from plants on Staphylococcus aureus




Vegetable oil, Antimicrobial, Biofilm, Antistaphylococcal


Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen among bacterial infections, also having the ability to produce biofilm, thus becoming tolerant and resistant to antibiotics and immune responses. Essential oil extracted from plants has shown broad-spectrum antibacterial and antibiofilm activities against bacteria. In this study it was evaluated whether rosemary, clove and cinnamon essential oil exert antibacterial and antibiofilm activities against S. aureus in vitro. The essential oils were purchased and their chemical composition was identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antibiofilm and antibacterial effects were assessed by the 96-well microtiter plate adhesion assay. The highest antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity were observed with 3% and 6% cinnamon essential oil while the essential oil of clove and rosemary did not show satisfactory results. These results support new antimicrobial therapies against S. aureus infections and biofilm formation, using cinnamon essential oil, thus contributing to both human and veterinary medicines.


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Author Biographies

Elisangela Ramos Castanha, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Graduated in Biomedical Sciences from the Federal University of Pernambuco (1994), Master in Biotechnology of Bioactive Products from the Federal University of Pernambuco (1999), Ph.D. in Biomedical Science - University of South Carolina (2006) and post-doctorate in Molecular Biology/Spectrometry of mass - University of South Carolina (2008).  Professor at the University of Pernambuco of Medicine and Biology Courses, Professor of the EAD/UAB Biology Course, Postgraduate Courses in Public Health and Teaching in Biology, Supervisor of the Postgraduate Courses Lato Sensu Multicampi Garanhuns.

Rackel Ferreira Araújo, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Degree in Biological Sciences at the University of Pernambuco - Campus Garanhuns; Scholarship from the Institutional Program for Teaching Initiation Scholarships - PIBID - Capes, she worked at the Professor Mário Matos Municipal School, through the program. Volunteer at the Zoology Didactic Collection - CDZ Garanhuns.

Rosângela Estevão Alves Falcão, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (1988), Master in Science Teaching from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (2004) and Ph.D. in Animal Bioscience from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (2013). She acted in the coordination of the Biological Sciences course, in the Residency in Collective Health and is an adjunct professor at the University of Pernambuco. She has experience in the field of Chemical Engineering, with an emphasis on Natural Products, acting on the following subjects: Science Teaching; Medicinal herbs; Natural products; Microbiology and Lectin; Ethnopharmacology, Quilombolas. She is currently the Multicampi Director of the University of Pernambuco-UPE. Professor of the Postgraduate Program in Health and Social and Environmental Development

Vanderson Barbosa Bernardo, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, AL

Graduated in Pharmacy from the Federal University of Alagoas. Master of Science from the Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology and Doctor of Science from Renorbio, both also at the Federal University of Alagoas. Master's degree with expertise in the areas of Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Technology. During the doctorate, the work was developed in organic synthesis, aimed at chemical ecology, aiming at the production of pheromones for the control of agricultural pests and disease vectors. Worked as a Research Associate at the Rothamsted Research Institute (sandwich doctorate) and at the University of Nottingham (UK) (Postdoc), working with Mass Spectrometry applied to the study of the structure and function of Odor Binding Proteins (OBP's). Today, he works as an Adjunct Professor at UFAL.

Antônio Euzébio Goulart Santana, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, AL

Graduated in Pharmacy and Biochemistry from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (1975) and Ph.D. in Chemistry from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (1984). He is currently a full professor at the Center for Engineering and Agrarian Sciences-CECA at the Federal University of Alagoas, a partner at Interacta Química Ltda. Has experience in Chemistry, with emphasis on Organic Synthesis, Chemical Ecology and Chemistry of Natural Products, acting on the following topics: synthesis, application and formulation of pheromones, chemistry of natural plant products, realization of molucicidal bioassay, against Biomphalaria glabrata, larvicides against Aedes aegypti. He was awarded the FAPEAL Commendation of Merit - 20 years, and Honor of Merit - UFAL - 50 years, received the Roberto Alves de Lima Award in 2016 by the Postgraduate Program in Chemistry and Biotechnology of the Chemistry and Biotechnology Institute of UFAL and in 2017 the National Prize in Chemical Ecology Prof. José Tércio Barbosa Ferreira, by the Brazilian Society of Chemical Ecology. Member of the National Technical Biosafety Commission - CTNBio since 2020. Guides graduate students in the PPGQB, PPP and RENORBIO programs.

Pedro Gregório Vieira Aquino, Universidade Federal do Agreste de Pernambuco, Garanhuns, PE

Graduated in Pharmacy from the Federal University of Alagoas (2009), Master in Chemistry and Biotechnology from the Federal University of Alagoas (2012) and Ph.D. in Chemistry and Biotechnology from the Federal University of Alagoas (2016). He is currently an adjunct professor at the Federal University of Agreste in Pernambuco. He has experience in Chemistry, focusing on Natural Products Chemistry, acting on the following subjects: medicinal plants, organic chemistry, phytochemistry, pharmacognosy and aspidosperma macrocarpum.

Keila Aparecida Moreira, Universidade Federal do Agreste de Pernambuco, Garanhuns, PE

Graduated in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (1998), Master's in Biochemistry from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2000), Ph.D. in Biological Sciences from the Federal University of Pernambuco (2004), Ph.D. in Sandwich at Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon) scholarship holder from EC Alfa Program: BIOENGE Network and Post-Doctorate from Universidade Federal do Paraná. She is currently Associate Professor IV at the Federal University of Agreste of Pernambuco and Permanent Professor of the Post-Graduate Program in Animal Bioscience and the Post-Graduate Program in Agricultural Production at the Federal University of Agreste of Pernambuco, a collaborating member of the Post-Graduate Program in Biology of UFPE fungi. She has experience in the field of Biochemistry, with an emphasis on Applied Microbiology, Applied Enzymology and Production of Bioactive Molecules. Reviewer of the Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Revista Caatinga, Ciência Rural, Journal of Dairy Research, Scientia Horticulturae and Preparative Biochemistry and Biochemistry.

Gualberto Segundo Agamez Montalvo, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE

holds a bachelor's degree in Statistics from the Universidad de Cordoba - Colombia(2011), a master's degree in Statistics from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Bogotá(2014) and a Ph.D. in Statistics from the University of São Paulo(2017). He is currently a Journal Reviewer at Cuadernos de Estadística Aplicada and Professor at the Superior Magisterium at the Federal University of Ceará. He has experience in the field of Probability and Statistics, with an emphasis on Statistics. Acting on the following topics: Finite mixtures, alpha power, EM algorithm, MCMC algorithm, classification and identifiability.

Vladimir da Mota Silveira Filho, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, PE

Doctor and Master in Genetics from the Federal University of Pernambuco, with a degree in Veterinary Medicine from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco. He currently works as an Adjunct Professor at the University of Pernambuco Campus Garanhuns, teaching subjects in the area of Genetics and Evolution in Medicine and Biological Sciences courses. He develops research in the area of Molecular Biology, acting on the following topics: identification of SNPs associated with diseases in humans and animals, molecular ecology, identification and molecular characterization of infectious agents. Through training, he is familiarized with topics related to Biosafety, with experience in laboratory NB3 and vivarium NA3


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How to Cite

Castanha, E. R., Araújo, R. F., Falcão, R. E. A., Bernardo, V. B., Santana, A. E. G., Aquino, P. G. V., Moreira, K. A., Montalvo, G. S. A., & Silveira Filho, V. da M. (2023). Antibiofilm and antibacterial effects of essential oils extracted from plants on Staphylococcus aureus. Revista Eletrônica Em Gestão, Educação E Tecnologia Ambiental, 27, e2.