Aesthetic categories: construction and validation of the AESCATScale
Keywords:Scale, Aesthetic categories, Work practices
Purpose: The aim of this study focused on the elaboration and validation of an organizational aesthetic perception scale (AESCATScale) to be used in understanding individuals’ perceptions of organizational life.
Design/methodology/approach: We carried out a literature review, exploratory interviews, two separate surveys, and multivariate analyses. The scale was validated through an application with a large sample of college professors.
Findings: Our outcomes consisted of a multidimensional construct model for the perception of organizational aesthetics (AESCATScale), with seven dimensions and 20 items. According to our analysis, the organizational aesthetics construct is consistent and may be the basis for future studies on the subject.
Research limitations/implications: We highlight three peculiar limitations to the research: a) the subjective nature of the theme, b) the lack of comprehension of some categories by respondents and c) the sample used was chosen for its accessibility and to have been restricted to college professors of a single state in Brazil.
Practical implications: The AESCATScale may reveal the sensitive logic underlying several organizational practices in the workplace based on a sensitive point of view. Also, it can be a valuable tool to aid in a manager’s decision-making in situations of change.
Originality/value: This study introduces a differentiated approach to organizational management that can sometimes be missed due to its abstract nature. Therefore, it introduces a novelty research tool that can be used in corporate and academic environments.
Amendola, F. (2012). Construção e validação de um índice de vulnerabilidade de famílias a incapacidades e dependências. (Doctoral dissertation). Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Arooma, E., Ericsson, P., Mills, A. (2022). Emotional rhythms of power: reframing emotion rules through aesthetic modes of embodied interaction, Culture and Organization, Ahead-of-Print.
Bahrami-Ehsan, H., Mohammadi-Zarghan, S. & Atari, M. (2015). Aesthetic Judgment Style: Conceptualization and Scale Development. International Journal of Arts, 5(2), 33-39.
Bardin, L. (2015). Análise de conteúdo. São Paulo: Edições 70.
Basso, K., Pauli, J., & Bressan, V. P. (2014). Relações de gênero e estética organizacional: sugestões para estudos sobre relações, cultura e desempenho. Cadernos EBAPE, 12(3), 688-705.
Baumgarten, A. G. (1988). Esthétique, précédée des Méditations philosophiques sur quelques sujets se rapportant à l'essence du poème et de la Métaphysique. Paris: L'Herne.
Bazin, Y.; & Korica, M. (2021). Aesthetic objects, aesthetic judgments and the crafting of organizational style in creative industries. Journal of Management Inquiry, 30(3), 1-19.
Bertolin, R. V., Cappelle, M. C. A., & Brito, M. J. de. (2014). Corporeidade e estética na aprendizagem organizacional: insights emergentes. Revista de Administração Mackenzie, 15(2), 15-37.
Biehl-Missal, B., Springborg, C. (2016). Dance, Organization, and Leadership. Organizational Aesthetics, 5(1), 1-10.
Blijlevens, J., Thurgood, C., Hekkert, P., Lede, H., & Whitfield, T.W. A. (2014, August). The development of a reliable and valid scale to measure aesthetic pleasure in design. Proceedings of the Biennial Congress of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics, City of New York, NY, USA, 23.
Bouilloud, J. P., & Deslandes, G. (2015). The aesthetics of leadership: Beau Geste as critical behaviour. Organization Studies, 36(8), 1095-1114.
Carmines, E. G., & McIver, J. P. (1981). Analyzing models with unobserved variables: analysis of covariance structures. In G. W.
Bohmstedt. & E. F. Borgatta (Eds.). Social Measurement (pp. 65-115). Bervelly Hills: Sage Publications.
Carvalho, M., Barros, R. P., & Franco, S. (2003). Índice de desenvolvimento da família. In A. R. Costa, & M. A. F. Vitale. (2003). Família: redes, laços e políticas (pp. 241-265). São Paulo: Instituto de Estudos Especiais/Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo.
Castro, M. G. C. T. A. (2013). Estética e teorias da arte. [Course Relatory]. Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal.
Churchill Jr., G. A. (1979). A paradigm for developing better measures of marketing Constructs. Journal of Marketing Research, 16(1), 64-73.
Chandler, J. (2012). Work as dance. Organization, 19(6), 865–878.
Costa, F. J. (2011). Mensuração e desenvolvimento de escalas: aplicações em administração. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Ciência Moderna.
Degòt, V. (1987). Portrait of the manager as an artist. Dragon, 2(3), 13-50.
Edwards, G., Hawkins, B., & Schedlitzki, D. (2019). Bringing the ugly back: a dialogic exploration of ethics in leadership through an ethno-narrative re-reading of the Enron case. Human Relations, 74(4), 733-754.
Filippi, M., & Tannery, F. (2009). Aesthetics drama and strategy creation. Proceedings of the European Group for Organizational Studies Colloquium, Barcelona, CT, Spain, 25.
Fornell, C., & Larcker, D.F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50.
Grafton-Small, B., & Linstead, S. (1985). Bricks and bricolages: deconstructing corporate images in stone and story. Dragon, 1(1), 8-27.Guilford Press.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E. & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate data analysis, 6th Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.
Health, P. (2019). Aesthetic-based competences lead to a sustainable learning practice: re-thinking public management through the lens of sustainability. Local Economy, 34(6), 1-11.
Hinkin, T. & Tracey, J. (1999). An analysis of variance approach to content validation. Organizational Research Methods, 2(2), 175-186.
Hinkin, T. R. (1995). A review of scale development practices in the study of organizations. Journal of Management, 21(5), 967-988.
Hinkin, T. R. (2005). Scale development principles and practices. In R. A. Swanson & E. F. Holton III (Eds.). Foundations and methods of inquiry. San Francisco: Berret-Foehler Publichers.
Hosey, L. (2012). The shape of green. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Iglewicz, B., & Hoaglin, D. (1993). How to detect and handle outliers (Vol. 16). The ASQC basic references in quality control: statistical techniques. California: ASQC Quality Press.
Ipiranga, A. S. R., Lopes, L. L. S., & Souza, E. M. (2016). A experiência estética em uma organização gastronômica. Organizações & Sociedade, 23(77), 191-210.
Ivanaj, V., Shrivastava, P., & Ivanaj, S. (2018). The value of beauty for organizations. Journal of Cleaner Production, 189, 864-877.
Johnson, R. D. (2013). Dance of leadership: mastering the art of making a difference usingyour unique style (2nd ed.). Createspace Independent Pub.
Kant, I. (1998). Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kerschbaum, C. (2022). A beautiful strategy – bridging the gap between the (aesthetic) perception and (strategic) realization of the organizations purpose. VINE: Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, Ahead-of-print.
Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.
Kofinas, A. (2018). Managing the sublime aesthetic when communicating an assessment regime: the Burkean Pendulum. Management Learning, 49(2), 204-221.
Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Los Angeles: Sage.
Lundy, D. E., Schenkel, M. B., Akrie, T. N., & Walker, A. P. (2010). How important is beauty to you? The development of the desire for aesthetics scale. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 28(1), 73-92.
Maitlis, S., Vogus, T. J., & Lawrence, T. B. (2013). Sensemaking and emotions in organizations. Organizational Psychology Review, 33, 222-247.
Martin, P. Y. (2002). Sensations, bodies, and the ‘Spirit of a Place’: aesthetics in residential organizations for the elderly. Human Relations, 55(7), 861-885.
Netmeyer, R.G, Bearden, W.O, & Sharma, Subhash. (2003). Scaling procedures: issues and applications. Bervelly Hills: Sage Publications.
Neutgem, A., Dellagnelo, E. (2020). Do sagrado ao profano: aproximações entre a teologia cristã e a administração. Cad. EBAPE.BR, 18(4), 1082-1098.
Nord, W. R., & Fox, S. (1996). The individual in organization studies: the great disappearing act? (Chap. 15, pp. 148-174). In S. R. CLEGG. Handbook of organizational Studies, Landers: Sage Publications.
Nunnally, J. C. (1967). Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Plester, B., Carroll, B. & Kim, H. (2019). Body joking: the aesthetics and creativity of organizational humor. In: S. Luria, J. Baer & J. C. Kaufman (Ed.), Creativity and humor: explorations in creativity research (pp. 129-142). United States: Academic Press.
Polat, S., & Öztoprak-Kavak, Z. (2011). Aesthetic leadership (AL): development and implementation of aesthetic leadership scale (ALS) of the school directors. Educational Research and Reviews, 6(1), 50-61.
Poprawski, M. (2019). Organisational aesthetics and pedagogy: deframing the creative and cultural labour formation. Arts and Humanities in Higher Education, 18(2-3), 231-249.
Ropo, A. and Sauer, E. (2008). Dances of leadership: bridging theory and practice through an
aesthetic approach. Journal of Management & Organization, 14, 560–572.
Saifer, A., & Dacin, M. (2022). Data and organization studies: aesthetics, emotions, discourse and our everyday encounters with data. Organization Studies, 43(4), 623-636.
Schiavo, S. R, & Antonello, C. (2014). As práticas de trabalho e o processo de aprendizagem de trabalhadores da construção civil à luz da estética organizacional. Revista Brasileira de Gestão e Inovação, 2(1), 1-30.
Shimp, T. A., & Sharma, S. (1987). Consumer Ethnocentrism: Construction and Validation of the CETSCALE. Journal of Marketing Research, 24(3), 280-289.
Shrivastava, P., Schumacher, G., Wasieleski, D.; Tasic, M. (2017). Aesthetic rationality in organizations: toward developing a sensitivity for sustainability. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 53(3), 1-43.
Sorensen, B. M. (2010). St Paul’s Conversion: the aesthetic organization of labour. Organization Studies, 31(3), 307-326.
Souriau, É. (1929). Esthétique: L’avenir de l’esthétique, essai sur l’object d’une science naissante. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.
Souriau, É. (1990). Vocabulaire d’Esthétique. Paris: PUF.
Stephens, J. P., & Boland, B. (2011). Legitimizing convergence: aesthetics as a bridge between managing and designing. Proceedings of the European Group for Organizational Studies Colloquium, Gothenburg, VG, Sweden, 27.
Strati, A. (1992). Aesthetic understanding of organizational life. Academy of Management Review, 17(3), 568-581.
Strati, A. (1996). Organizations viewed through the lens of aesthetics. Organization, 3(2), 209-218.
Strati, A. (1999). Organization and Aesthetics. London: Sage Publications.
Strati, A. (2000). The aesthetic approach in organization studies. In S. Linstead (Ed.). The aesthetics of organization. London: Sage Publications.
Strati, A. (2010). Aesthetics understanding of work and organizational life: Approaches and research developments. Sociology Compass, 10(4), 880-893.
Taylor, S. (2012). Little beauties: aesthetics, craft skill, and the experience of beautiful action. Journal of Management Inquiry, 22(1), 69–81.
Taylor, S. S., & Hansen, H. (2005). Finding form: Looking at the field of organizational aesthetics. Journal of Management Studies, 42(6), 1211-1231.
Turan, F., & Cetinkaya, S. (2020). Aesthetic reflections on organizational identity: a study of universities in Istanbul. Organizational Aesthetics, 9(3), 45-62.
Turan, F., & Cetinkaya, S. (2022). The role of aesthetics and art in organizational sustainability: a conceptual model and exploratory study in higher education. Sustainable Development, 30(1), 83–95.
Vásquez, A. S. (1999). Convite à estética. Rio de Janeiro: Civilizações Brasileiras.
Vivek, S. D. (2009). A scale of consumer engagement. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.
Vivek, S. D., Beatty, S. E., Dalela, V., & Morgan, R. M. (2014). A generalized multidimensional scale for measuring customer engagement. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 22(4), 401-420.
White, D. A. (1996). ‘It’s working beautifully!’ Philosophical reflections on aesthetics and organization theory. Organization, 3(2), p. 195-208.
Zheng, X., Zhu, W., Zhao, H. & Zhang, C. (2015). Employee well-being in organizations: Theoretical model, scale development, and cross-cultural validation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 36(5), 621-644.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Revista de Administração da UFSM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This journal remains the copyright holders of articles published. In order to be published, authors must sign the Copyrights Letter, which is sent to the authors by e-mail, thus granting rights, including on translation, to ReA/UFSM. The journal grants third parties the right to use, reproduce, and share the article according to the Creative Commons license agreement (CC-BY 4.0), as stated in the article’s PDF documents.