A PESCA COMO UM PROBLEMA DE SEGURANÇA: LIMITES E POSSIBILIDADES PARA A COOPERAÇÃO INTERNACIONAL NO OCEANO AUSTRAL

Luciano Vaz Ferreira

Resumo


Com os estoques pesqueiros ao redor do mundo à beira do colapso, com consequências ambientais, econômicas e sociais imensuráveis, as possibilidades de proliferação da pesca INN (ilegal, não declarada ou não regulamentada) passaram a ser acompanhadas com grande atenção pela comunidade internacional. Neste contexto, desencadearam-se processos de securitização do problema. O Oceano Austral é particularmente vulnerável à pesca INN, podendo ser palco de novas dinâmicas de segurança.  Neste contexto, apresenta-se o seguinte problema de pesquisa: “de que maneira ocorrem as dinâmicas de securitização do controle da pesca no Oceano Austral e qual o papel da cooperação internacional neste processo?”. Além da resposta ao problema de pesquisa, que é o objetivo geral, o artigo possui como objetivos específicos investigar a securitização da pesca no cenário internacional, estudar as dinâmicas de segurança existentes no Oceano Austral, discutir os papeis da cooperação e dos regimes internacionais neste processo. A pesquisa é de natureza exploratória. Como técnica de pesquisa escolheu-se a revisão bibliográfica, servindo-se de material interdisciplinar e análise documental.


Palavras-chave


Segurança. Oceano Austral. Cooperação Internacional. Regimes Internacionais. Pesca.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/2357797534062

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