THE INFLUENCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND FEATURES OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY TO SOUTH AMERICA'S TERRITORIAL ARRANGEMENT

Luis Antonio Bittar Venturi

Abstract


South America’s territorial arrangement – a big country surrounded by smaller ones – is clarified by historical factors, as due to the fact that Brazil has become a viceroyalty. The Royal family’s presence in the colony would have favoured its integrity. Normally, the geographic factors are neglected in this explanation, especially those related to natural resources as physical aspects of the landscape. Here we intend to fill this thematic gap applying the geographic facts to the explanatory analysis of the South-American territory. Methodologically, the comparative analysis between The Spanish America and the Portuguese was conducted by two variables: the nature of the explored natural resources and the physical features of the territory. Our main idea is founded on four premises: 1 –Moving through the territory as a condition to assure domination. 2 - Biomass natural resources lead to farther moving. 3 - Considering that mining activities are local they beget urban development and consequently became a fertile ground for revolutionary movements.  4 – Flat relief, large rivers and mild temperatures encourage the development of farming activities and therefore the occupation of territory. We conclude that the combination of these variables and premises may throw new light on comprehending South America’s territorial arrangement

Keywords


Natural resources. Geographical aspects. Historical aspects. Territory. South America.

References


Referências

Donghi T H. História da América Latina. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra; 2005.

Galeano E. As veias abertas da América Latina. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1971.

Ross J L S. editor. Geografia do Brasil. São Paulo: Edusp, 2006.

Venturi L A B. A riqueza de recursos do Brasil: pressupostos naturais. In: Recursos Naturais do Brasil. São Paulo: Editora Sarandi (prelo).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2179460X19116

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