A new species of Baccharis (Asteraceae: Astereae) and miscellaneous notes to Sect. Discolores and Racemosae


  • Leonardo Paz Deble
  • Anabela Silveira de Oliveira-Deble




Biodiversity, section Discolores, section Racemosae, Serra Geral, Taxonomy


Bacccharis floccosa is described, illustrated and have their taxonomic affinities discussed. The new species belongs to section Discolores DC. emend. Cuatrec., and can be easy segregated of all species of this section by a combination of the following features: strongly discolorous leaves, pistillate capitula with 7-9 flowers, and corolla of staminate flowers at the apex clothed by filiform trichomes concentrated at the apex of the tube. The new species is related to sympatric species Baccharis nummularia Malme, but differs by its robust habit (1.5-2.5 m vs. 0.3-0.8 m high), attenuate leaves (vs. rounded), and smaller pistillate capitula, with peduncles densely floccose pubescent (vs. peduncles sericeous pubescent). From the allopatric species Baccharis phylicoides Kunth the new species differs by number of pistillate flowers per capitulum (7-9 vs. 13-65), indumentum on abaxial surface of the leaves consisting of a compact and dense layer (vs. loose layer), and corolla of staminate flowers densely clothed by filiform trichomes concentrated  at the apex of the tube. Baccharis floccosa displays range of geographical distribution smaller than 1,000 km2, beeing considered endangered species, according with the criteria of IUCN. Baccharis nummularia is added to section Discolores and a key to segretate the species of the section Discolores is given. Furthermore morphological features to set apart the sections Discolores and Racemosae Ariza are supplied, as well as Baccharis uncinella DC. and B. longittenuata A.S. Oliveira are positioned into the section Racemosae.


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Como Citar

Deble, L. P., & Oliveira-Deble, A. S. de. (2014). A new species of Baccharis (Asteraceae: Astereae) and miscellaneous notes to Sect. Discolores and Racemosae. Balduinia, (37), p. 26–32. https://doi.org/10.5902/2358198013973




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