Explaining the safety of children's parks based on the physical components of the space (Case study: Parks in Region 1 of Mashhad)

Hoda Behravesh, Katayoon Alizadeh, Hamid Jafari

Abstract


Attention to the safety of children and adolescents as an effective stratum of society is inevitable. The stratum which the future of every city and country is in their hands. Nowadays, children in addition to nutrition, clean air and a shelter, need a safe and healthy open space to play and communicate with the environment. Flaws of urban spaces do not allow children to experiment and bring them to digital devices and solitaire games. The result is nothing but the growing individualist kids with a spirit of isolationism, a topic that can be called a threat to the health of the community. The present study is a small step towards recognizing the issues of the sense of security of children in the parks of Mashhad. In this research, the physical characteristics and space design, which include pass way quality indicators, lighting, urban furniture, and ultimately the security of space in parks of region 1 of Mashhad municipality will be analyzed. In this study, the research method is descriptive-analytical and with the understanding of effective physical indices on security through field, documentary and library studies, and comparing the contribution of these indices to other physical indices in similar samples, we explain the importance of these indices. Based on the data the most important physical factors affecting the improvement of security of children’s urban parks are the attention to the lighting index of all parks at nights, and also the reduction of out-of-sight locations and inducing fear in the design of the parks.


Keywords


Security; Urban Parks; Child; Physical Indices; Mashhad

Full Text:

HTML

References


Akbari Reza; Pakbonyan. Samaneh (2012), Effect of the public spaces on the sense of social security of women, Journal of Fine Arts, Volume 17, No. 2

Azmoude, Maryam (2012), Architecture and Design for Children, Science and Technology Publishing, First Edition, Tehran

Brussoni Mariana,(2012) Risky Play and Children’s Safety: Balancing Priorities for Optimal Child Development,) 2012( ،Aug 30. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9093134

Clifton L. Smith, David J. Brooks (2013), Built Environment, Chapter 4, 2013, Pages 81-103

Dannenberg Andrew, L Howard Frumkin, and Richard J. Jackson (2011). Making healthy space, designing and building for health, well-being and sustainability. Washington: Island press.

Dong Nannan (2017) Safety Research of Children's Recreational Space in Shanghai Urban Parks, Volume 198, Pages 612-621

https://www.pps.org/article/what-is-placemaking. 2018. https://www.pps.org/article/what-is- ONLINE] Available at: https://www.pps.org/article/what-is-placemaking. Accessed 13 August 2018

Kelly, Eric Damian, Crabtree, Dain (2009), Securing The Built Environment: An Analysis Crime

Kiani, Akbar; Esmaeilzadeh Kawaki, Ali (2012) Analysis and Planning in a Child Friendly City from the Perspective of Children (Case Study: Quchan), Bagh Nazar Quarterly, No. 20, pp. 51-62.

Maas Jolanda, Spreeuwenberg Peter, (2009), Is Green Space in the Living Environmen Associated with People's Feelings of Social Safety? January 1, 2009, https://doi.org/10.1068/a4196

Meerow, S., Newell, J. P., & Stults, M. (2016). Defining Urban Resilience: A review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 147, 38-49

Mortazavi, Sabouba (2011). Pedestrian recognition as a hub for leisure time in the city. City and Nutrition Monthly, (12), 14 - 26.

Nowroozi, Alireza; Mahin, Nastaran (2014), Children's Playground Planning (Urban Playground), Vol. 1.

Park, H (2010), Designing out Crime in South Korea: Qualitative Analysis of Contemporary CPTED-Related Issues, Asia Pacific Journal of Police & Criminal Justice, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 21-48.

Qarebiglu, Minoo (2012) The Role of Environmental Factors in Nurturing Children's Creativity, Journal of Gardening, No. 19, pp. 86-91.

Rafieian, Mojtaba: Razavi, Hamadeh, (2010), Improving Urban Environmental Quality Using Design-Based Planning Approach, Journal of Space Planning and Issue 2, pp. 287. 269

Savicic Gordan, Savic Selena, (2016), Unpleasant Design , July 28, 2016

Senda, Mitsuru ,(2015), Safety in public spaces for children's play and learning, Volume 38, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages 103-115




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2236117040271

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DEAR AUTHORS,

PLEASE, CHECK CAREFULLY BEFORE YOUR SUBMISSION:

- IF ALL AUTHORS "METADATA" (ORCID, LINK TO LATTES, SHORT BIOGRAPHY, AFFILIATION) WERE ADDED,

- THE CORRECT IDIOM YOUR SECTION,

- IF THE HIGHLIGHTS WERE ADDED,

- IF THE GRAPHIC ABSTRACTS WAS ADDED,

- IF THE REVIEWERS INDICATION WAS DONE,

- IF THE REFERENCES FORMAT ARE CORRECT(ABNT)

- IF THE RESOLUTION YOUR FIGURES (600 DPI) ARE SUITABLE

*******************************

PREZADOS AUTORES,

POR FAVOR, VERIFIQUE ATENTAMENTE ANTES DA SUBMISSÃO: 
- SE OS METADADOS (ORCID, LINK PRO LATTES, CURTA BIOGRAFIA E AFILIAÇÃO) DE "TODOS" OS AUTORES FORAM ADICIONADOS, 
- IDIOMA, 
- SE OS HIGHLIHTS FORAM ADICIONADOS, 
- SE O GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT FOI ADICIONADO, 
- SE A INDICAÇÃO DOS REVISORES FOI FEITA, 
- SE O FORMATO DAS REFERÊNCIAS ESTÁ ADEQUADO (ABNT) 
- SE A RESOLUÇÃO SUAS FIGURAS (600 DPI) ESTÁ ADEQUADA.

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

**************************************************

WE ARE ON FACEBOOK! (You are our guest!)

 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5902/22361170

Contact: reget.ufsm@gmail.com

...................................................................................


Accesses since 19/06/2012

...................................................................................

Sponsors: