Housing planning for lower income cities with sustainable development approach in Mehregan township of Mashhad Metropolis





Sustainable urban development, Housing, Affordable, Marginalization, Mehraban Township of Mashhad


Housing is the most important element of the city, which is of great importance in the sustainable development of the city. Therefore, achieving sustainable housing in order to enhance and improve the quality of life of the present and future generations is a major issue. Housing from various perspectives, including architecture, construction of buildings, residential buildings, land and building costs, housing loans, housing market, housing regulations, house prices, Desirable housing, etc., can be considered. On the other hand, housing is the most important concern of the present-day human being and its most important function is economic performance. And its most important function is economic performance. The housing situation and the analysis of housing prices are of particular importance, because the main goal of urbanization is to create human settlements and, among the various uses of urban land, residential use is of particular importance. Also the share of housing is also significant in quantitative term. One of the indicators for measuring poverty is housing. Good and adequate housing is a housing that does not have too much density. And, in many cases, housing and environmental conditions are the most important factor affecting on level of satisfaction of a person in a neighborhood. Apart from the social class and economic conditions of individuals, housing is always one of the most important needs and priorities of the household. The main factors  that have led to provide a place to live become a crisis, especially for low-income groups, are: Rapid population growth, a sharp increase in urbanization rates, lower household size, higher rates of profitability of the land market and housing, reduced demand for housing, reduced access rates and poor financial capabilities of the poor, the plummeting market of land and housing to the detriment of low-income groups, the reduction of land and housing supply, the lack of attention of the private sector and, ultimately, unsuccessful government policies. In spite of various experiences to address the problem of disadvantaged low-income groups, the root cause of this problem is the need to examine its structural factors. This paper has been conducted with the purpose of providing a affordable housing pattern for vulnerable urban areas with a sustainable development approach in the Mehregan township of Mashhad Metropolis detachable area using a descriptive-analytical method of applied type. The population of the study is 366 people based on the Cochran formula. Using descriptive and inferential statistics from the completed questionnaires, experts have been analyzed using non-parametric and parametric statistical methods. Since housing is a cross-domain and multidimensional domain, the attitude to it must be all-round and multi-dimensional. Hence, effective policies in the field of housing for low income groups regarding the potential of the marginal areas of Mashhad for system effectiveness will be considered. Finally, in the city of Mehregan, we can solve this problem, By drafting urban planning, architecture and housing construction in accordance with international standards and enhancing their flexibility and encouraging activities in marginalized fabric for the benefit of low income groups and changing the views and plans of urban development projects.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Reza Daime Kar, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad

PhD Student of Geography and Urban Planning

Mohammad Ali Ahmadian, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad

Associate Professor, Department of Human Geography

Katayoun Alizadeh, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning

Hossein Hataminezhad, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning


TAJIK, S. SEDAGHATI, A. (1998). Urban Development Strategy A Step to Achieving Sustainable Urban Development (Case Study: Nowshahr)

DAVID. CH. (2009). "Creation of neighborhoods and places in the human environment", Translation by Shahrzad Faryadi and Manouchehrbabibian, Tehran University Press.

ADMS, W.M. (1999). Green Development, Routledge, London.

AHMADIAN, MOHAMMAD ALI AND GHASEMI, MARYAM. (2013). An analysis of the integration of villages in the spatial-physical structure of cities, Case study: Mashhad, Journal of Rural Planning and Research, No. 3, Spring and Summer.

ARJOMANDNIA, A. (1975). Analysis of Housing Indicators in Iran, Journal of Environmental Studies, 5, Tehran University.

ASADPOUR, AS. (2006). Sustainable patterns in Iranian desert architecture. Our Journal, No. 25.

AZIZI, M. M. (2005). Analysis to Position and Transformation of Urban Housing Situation in Iran, 23, Tehran University of Fine Arts Journal.

AZIZI, MOHAMMAD MEHDI. (2001). The development of a sustainable city and an analysis of global perspectives, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Development, Shahid Beheshti University, Year 11, No. 33, Autumn and Winter.

AZIZI. M. M. (1996). Housing Program Process Analysis Iran, Bottlenecks and Criteria, Part II, Proceedings of the Third Conference of the Housing Development Policies.

BAGHERI, MOHAMMAD. (2008). Healthy housing underpinning sustainable living, E-newsletter, Educational and Research Housing.

HABIBI, SEYYED MOHSEN, AHARI, ZAHRA. (1997). Providing housing, shelter, or providing a decent living environment, Proceedings of the First Seminar on Housing Development Policy in Iran, Volume I, National Land and Housing Organization, Ministry of Housing and Urban Development of Tehran.

HAFEZ NIA, MOHAMMAD REZA. (1998). An Introduction to the Research Method in the Humanities, Publication side.

HAKIMI, HADI; POURMOHAMMADI, MOHAMMAD REZA; PAHIZKAR, AKBAR; MESHKINI, ABOLFAZL; POURTAHERI, MEHDI. (2011). Evaluation of quantitative and qualitative indicators of housing in informal settlements of Iran (Case study: Jamshidabad Khoy), Journal of Geography and Environmental Planning, Isfahan University, 22 (44): 197-210.

HATAMINEJAD, H. ET AL. (2006). Indicators Survey Of Informal Housing In Iran: The Case Neighborhood Of Sheikh Abad Qom, Research Geographical, 58.

IMAMI, Q. HASHEMI. (2008). The environmental values and functions of green roofs in the development of urban sustainability, First National Conference on Sustainable Urban Development; Guilan University.

INANLOU ALI. (2001). Housing planning, An Analysis of Supply and Demand for Housing in the North of Qazvin, Master's thesis, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Dr.Azad Ahmadipour and consultant Dr. Hossein Shokouie.

IRANIAN CENTER FOR STATISTICS. (1961-2017). Population and Housing Census, Statistical Yearbook of Khorasan Razavi Province.

KHARAT ZABARDAST, A. AND NASIRI H. (1994). Geographical Distribution of Housing lands in the

MESHKINI, ABOLFAZL. SAJJADI, JILA. MIRKAMALI, MOHAMMAD. (2006). The Impact of Land Transfer and Housing Policies on Physical Development of Iranian Cities (Case Study: Kermanshah City), Geography and Development, No. 23. Yazdan, H.

SARRFI, MUZAFFAR. (2007). From margin to urbanization; seventh city magazine; Third year, No. 8, Summer, Publication of Iranian Civil and Urban Improvement Company, Tehran.

SARTIPIPOUR, M. (2010). Evaluation of Rural Housing in Sistan and Baluchestan Province and Suggest Directions for Future, 27, Journal of Geography.

TAWFIK, F. (1990). Collection, Topics and Methods of Urban (Housing), First Edition, Center for Architecture and Urban Studies, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Tehran.

THE STATISTICS OF THE CITY OF MASHHAD. (2017). Information Technology Organization of Mashhad Municipality.

TOSUN, C. (2008). Challenges of Sustainable Tourism Development in Developing World: The Cases of Turkey, Journal of Tourist, Managament, Vol. 22, No. 2, PP. 289-303.

WINSTON, NESSA & PAREJA, MONTSERRAT. (2006). On indicator of sustainable housing in the European urban.2-5 july.

ZAKER HAGHIGHI, K. (1998). A Study on the Different Dimensions of Sustainable Housing Achievement, The 2nd National Conference on Sustainable Architecture.

ZARBAST, ESFANDIAR. (1997). Comparison of Housing Policies at Habitat 1 and Habitat 2, Housing and Urban Planning, Tehran, Iran.

ZIARI, KARMATALLAH. POURAHMAD, AHMAD. HATAMINEJAD, HUSSEIN. MOHAMMADI, AKBAR. (2017). Housing planning of urban low income groups with emphasis on financial capability and poverty line of housing (urban population of Kurdistan province), Human Geography Research, Period 48, Number 2.

ZIARI, KERMATOLLAH. MOHAMMAD NEJAD, HAFIZ. PARHIZGAR FARYAD. AGHAJANI, MOHAMMAD. (2010). Study of housing situation in income groups and estimation of housing in low income groups in Hormozgan province, Geographical Research, No. 98, pp. 29-56, Sert-i-Poor, 2004: 25.

ZIYARI, KERAMATOLLAH, MOHAMMAD NEJAD, HAFEZ. PARHIZ FARYAD. (2009). The basics and metrics of urban planning, First edition, Chabahar International University Press, Chabahar.

WOODFIELD, A. (1989). Housing and Economic Adjustment, Taylor & Francis, New York



2020-01-08 — Updated on 2022-07-28


How to Cite

Kar, M. R. D., Ahmadian, M. A., Alizadeh, K., & Hataminezhad, H. (2022). Housing planning for lower income cities with sustainable development approach in Mehregan township of Mashhad Metropolis. Revista Eletrônica Em Gestão, Educação E Tecnologia Ambiental, 24, e2. https://doi.org/10.5902/2236117040201 (Original work published January 8, 2020)