Investigating the Association between Sport Motivation with General Health in Faculty Members of Fars University of Medical Sciences (A Cross Sectional-Analytical Study in 2018)

Saeed Sobhanian, Ebrahim Khoshnam, Masoud Naderian, Hosein Dast Barhagh

Abstract


Motivation is one of the main indices in many theories of learning and psychology. Sports psychologists consider a variety of motivations, including the motivation for progress and achievement, the motivation for competition, the motivation for participation, etc. with specific concepts. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association between sport motivations with general health in Fars University of medical sciences. This study was a cross sectional-analytical research. The research population consisted of faculty members of Fars University of medical sciences. Sampling was done randomly with a sample size of 244 people. Data were collected using demographic information, sport motivation questionnaire, and general health questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and analytical statistics were used to analyze the data using SPSS-16 software. The results of Pearson correlation test showed that there was a significant correlation between general health and sport motivation (P = 0.001, r = -0.252); among the components of sport motivation, only physical recovery dimensions, competition, weight control, and health do not have a significant correlation with the general health. The results of this study indicated an association between general health and sport motivation and some of its components in the study population. Therefore, the applying methods for increasing the athletic motivation to achieve the desired levels of general health and its components by modeling the results can be useful for planners and managers of human resources in universities.


Keywords


General health; Sport motivation; Exercise, and physical activity; Health promotion, Faculty members

Full Text:

HTML

References


BESSELL I,DICKS B, WYSOCKI A, KEPNER K. (2012). Understanding Motivation: An Effective Tool for Managers. University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Science; 2012. Available from: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/HR/HR01700.pdf.

BRILL P (2004). Functional fitness for older adults. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; 2004.

BROJERDI S, YOUSEFI B, GHOBADI A. (2005). The relationship between general health andburnout among teachers of physical education in Kermanshah province. Proceedings of the 7th National Conference on Physical Education and Sport Sciences. Tabriz University; 2005. (In Persian).

CHHEA C, WARREN N, MANDERSON L. (2010). Health worker effectiveness and retention in rural Cambodia. Rural and remote health. 2010;10(3):2012.

COAKLEY J. (2014). Sports in society: Issues and controversies. 12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 2014.

COX RH. (2011). Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 2011.

DECI E. RYAN RM. (2013). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Springer Science & Business Media; 2013.

EKRAMI M, MIRHAJ A. (2015). The Comparison of General health and self-esteem status in the Trained Aged Women in Iran Alzheimer's Association and Other. 2015;14(4):98-112. (In Persian).

ERFANI N. (2013). Predicting sports performance based on sports motivations and copetitive. Contemporary Studies on Sport Management. 2013;3(6):49-59.(In Persian).

ESHRAGHI H, KASHEF M, Mehri K .(2012). Comparative study of Iranian universities active and inactive academic members’ general health conditions. Annals of Biological Research. 2012;3(2):899-907.

FOSTER YA. (1997). Brief aikido training versus karate and golf training and university students' scores on self-esteem, anxiety, and expression of anger. Perceptual and motor skills. 1997;84(2):609-10.

FREDERICK CM, RYANRM. (1993). Differences in motivation for sport and exercise and their relations with participation and mental health. Journal of sport behavior. 1993;16(3):124.

GHODRATNAMA A, HEIDARINEJAD S. (2014). Relationship with physical activity and sports participation motivation among the students in Shahid Chamran University. Sports Management Studies. 2014; 18:189-202. (In Persian).

GILL D, WILLIAMS L, REIFSTECK E. (2017). Psychological dynamics of sport and exercise. 4th ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2017.

GOLDBERG DP, WILLIAMS P. (1988). User's Guide To The General Health Questionnaire. New York: Windsor; 1988.

GOLMOHAMMADI M, LOTFI G, PASBANI H. (2017). Relationship between Motivation of a Company in Sport Activities and General Health of Athletes. 1st National Conference on Achievements of Sports and Health Sciences. Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University; 2017. (In Persian).

IANNOTTI RJ, CHEN R, KOLOLO H, PETRONYTEG, HAUG E, ROBERTS C. (2012). Motivations for adolescent participation in leisure-time physical activity: international differences. Journal of Physical Activity and health. 2012;10(1):106-14.

JAFARI SIAVASHANI F, GHADIMI B, BEHAEEN B, SAME H. (2010). Study of student motivation for doing physical activities (Health-Related factors against physical appearance related factors). World Applied Sciences Journal. 2010;10(2):322- 326.

LARSON JS. (1996). The World Health Organization's definition of health: Social versus spiritual health. Social Indicators Research. 1996;38(2):181-92.

MARKLAND D, INGLEDEW DK. (1997). The measurement of exercise motives: Factorial validity and invariance across gender of a revised Exercise Motivations Inventory. British Journal of Health Psychology. 1997;2(4):361-76.

PALUSKA SA, SCHWENK TL. (2000). Physical activity and mental health. Sports medicine. 2000;29(3):167-80.

PENEDO FJ, DAHN JR. (2005). Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current opinion in psychiatry. 2005;18(2):189-93.

RAMEZANI KHALIL ABADI GH. (1996). Investigating the motivations of people participating in public sport in Tehran. [MS Thesis]. Tehran: Tarbiat Moalem University; 1996. (In Persian).

SAFAIR S, FATTAHZADEH A. (2003). Global health report in 2003, The Cultural institute of great Ibne sina. The Ministry of Health and Medical Education. 2003:12-5. (In Persian).

SHARIFIRAD G, MOHEBBI S, MATLABI M. (2007). The relationship of physical activity in middle age and cardiovascular problems in old age in retired people in Isfahan, 2006. The Horizon of Medical Sciences. 2007;13(2):57-63. (In Persian).

TAGHAVI MR. (2001). Assessing Reliability And Validity Of The General Health Questionnaire (Ghq). Journal Of Psychology. 2001;4:381-98. (In Persian).

TEIXEIRA PJ, SILVA MN, MATA J, PALMEIRA AL, MARKLAND D. (2012). Motivation, self-determination, and long-term weight control. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2012;9(1):22.

TEIXEIRA PJ, CARRAÇA EV, MARKLAND D, SILVA MN, RYAN RM. (2012). Exercise, physical activity, and self-determination theory: a systematic review. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2012;9(1):78.

THORP AA, HEALY GN, WINKLER E, CLARK BK, GARDINER PA, OWEN N, et al. (2012). Prolonged sedentary time and physical activity in workplace and non-work contexts: a cross-sectional study of office, customer service and call centre employees. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2012;9(1):128.

YAGUBI N. (1995). Epidemiology of mental disorders in rural and urban areas Some'esara city. Tehran: Iran University of Medical Sciences; 1995. (In Persian).

YAZDI FEYZABADI V, SEYFADDINI R, GHANDI M, MEHROLHASANI M (2018). The World Health Organization's Definition of Health: A Short Review of Critiques and Necessity of A Shifting Paradigm. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology. 2018;13:155-65.(In Persian).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5902/2236117040200

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

DEAR AUTHORS,

PLEASE, CHECK CAREFULLY BEFORE YOUR SUBMISSION:

- IF ALL AUTHORS "METADATA" (ORCID, LINK TO LATTES, SHORT BIOGRAPHY, AFFILIATION) WERE ADDED,

- THE CORRECT IDIOM YOUR SECTION,

- IF THE HIGHLIGHTS WERE ADDED,

- IF THE GRAPHIC ABSTRACTS WAS ADDED,

- IF THE REVIEWERS INDICATION WAS DONE,

- IF THE REFERENCES FORMAT ARE CORRECT(ABNT)

- IF THE RESOLUTION YOUR FIGURES (600 DPI) ARE SUITABLE

*******************************

PREZADOS AUTORES,

POR FAVOR, VERIFIQUE ATENTAMENTE ANTES DA SUBMISSÃO: 
- SE OS METADADOS (ORCID, LINK PRO LATTES, CURTA BIOGRAFIA E AFILIAÇÃO) DE "TODOS" OS AUTORES FORAM ADICIONADOS, 
- IDIOMA, 
- SE OS HIGHLIHTS FORAM ADICIONADOS, 
- SE O GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT FOI ADICIONADO, 
- SE A INDICAÇÃO DOS REVISORES FOI FEITA, 
- SE O FORMATO DAS REFERÊNCIAS ESTÁ ADEQUADO (ABNT) 
- SE A RESOLUÇÃO SUAS FIGURAS (600 DPI) ESTÁ ADEQUADA.

 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

**************************************************

WE ARE ON FACEBOOK! (You are our guest!)

 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 10.5902/22361170

Contact: reget.ufsm@gmail.com

...................................................................................


Accesses since 19/06/2012

...................................................................................

Sponsors: