An analysis of the behavioral constructs of sustainable entrepreneurship in Brazilian university students

Luis Eduardo Brandão Paiva, Tereza Cristina Batista de Lima, Silvia Maria Dias Pedro Rebouças, Rômulo Alves Soares

Abstract


Research on entrepreneurial intention stands out in the academic context and addresses several determinants related to the behavioral nature influencing entrepreneurship. Consequently, the following behavioral constructs were used for sustainable entrepreneurship: attitude towards self-employment; orientation towards sustainability; propensity to innovate; barriers and facilities for entrepreneurial activities; and entrepreneurs in the immediate family. This study aimed to analyze the influence of the behavioral constructs of sustainable entrepreneurship on the entrepreneurial intentions of university students. Based on a sample of 318 students enrolled on an administration course at the Federal University of Ceará, statistical techniques of data analysis were applied, namely factorial analysis, inferential statistics (t-test and Mann-Whitney test), logistic regression and Classification and Regression Trees (CART). Three hypotheses were constructed in this study based on the literature: (i) there is a positive influence between the orientation towards the sustainability of university students and their entrepreneurial intention, (ii) there is a positive influence between the propensity to innovate and the entrepreneurial intention of the university students, and (iii) having entrepreneurs in the immediate family contributes positively to the entrepreneurial intent of university students. It was noted that, in general, students most likely to have entrepreneurial intent are those most concerned with environmental issues, that are stimulating and original, and have immediate relatives that are entrepreneurs.


Full Text:

PDF

References


AJZEN, I. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, v. 50, n. 2, p. 179-211, 1991.

AJZEN, I. FISHBEIN, M. Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research. Psychological bulletin, v. 84, n. 5, p. 888-918, 1977.

BAE, T. J.; QIAN, S.; MIAO, C.; FIET, J. O. The Relationship Between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta‐Analytic Review. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 38, n. 2, p. 217-254, 2014.

BINOTTO, E.; BÜLLAU, H.; ROESE, A. Empreendedorismo e a cultura empreendedora: Um estudo de caso no Rio Grande do Sul. ENANPAD – ENCONTRO NACIONAL DOS PROGRAMAS DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ADMINISTRAÇÃO, Anais... Curitiba: ANPAD, p. 1-17, 2004.

BIRD, B. Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case for intention. Academy of Management Review, v. 13, n. 3, p. 442-453, 1988.

CARLAND, J. W.; CARLAND, J. A.; HOY, F. An entrepreneurship index: An empirical validation. In: Babson Entrepreneurship Conference, Fontainebleau, France. 1992.

CARLAND, J. W.; HOY, F.; BOULTON, W. R.; CARLAND, J. A. C. Differentiating entrepreneurs from small business owners: A conceptualization. Academy of management review, v. 9, n. 2, p. 354-359, 1984.

CARVALHO, P. M. R.; GONZÁLEZ, L. Modelo explicativo sobre a intenção empreendedora. Comportamento Organizacional e Gestão, v. 12, n. 1, p. 43-65, 2006.

COHEN, B; WINN, M. I. Market imperfections, opportunity and sustainable entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 22, n. 1, p. 29-49, 2007.

COLLIS, J.; HUSSEY, R. Pesquisa em administração: um guia prático para alunos de graduação e pós-graduação. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2005.

COM. Comissão Europeia. Commnication from the commission to the European parliament, the council, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions. Emtrepreneurship 2020, Action Plan, 2013.

DAVIDSSON, P. P. D. Reynolds: Entrepreneurship research innovator, coordinator, and disseminator. Small Business Economics, v. 24, n. 4, p. 351-358, 2005.

DEAN, T. J.; MCMULLEN, J. S. Toward a theory of sustainable entrepreneurship: Reducing environmental degradation through entrepreneurial action. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 22, n. 1, p. 50-76, 2007.

DE WIT, G. An m-sector, n-group behavioral model of self-employment. Physica-Verlag HD, 1993.

DYLLICK, T.; HOCKERTS, K. Beyond the business case for corporate sustainability. Business strategy and the environment, v. 11, n. 2, p. 130-141, 2002.

DIMAGGIO, P. J. Interest and agency in institutional theory. Institutional patterns and organizations: Culture and environment, v. 1, p. 3-22, 1988.

DORNELAS, J. C. A. Empreendedorismo: transformando ideias em negócios. 5. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Empreende/LTC, 2014.

DRUCKER, P. F. Inovação e espírito empreendedor (entrepreneurship): práticas e princípios. São Paulo: Pioneira Thomson Learning, 2005.

ELKINGTON, J. Cannibals with forks. The triple bottom line of 21st century, 1997.

FOXALL, G. R.; HACKETT, P. M.W. The factor structure and construct validity of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, v. 13, n. 9, p. 967-975, 1992.

FERREIRA, C. A.; SOARES, J. F.; CRUZ, F. R. B. Reconhecimento de padrões em estatística: uma abordagem comparativa. V CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE REDES NEURAIS, Anais... Rio de Janeiro, p. 409-414, 2001.

GARCÍA, A. B. Analyzing the determinants of entrepreneurship in European cities, Small Business Economics, v. 42, n. 1, p. 77-98, 2014.

GLOBAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP MONITOR (GEM). Empreendedorismo no Brasil. Relatório global 2012. Brasil, 2012.

GÜROL, Y.; ATSAN, N. Entrepreneurial characteristics amongst university students: Some insights for entrepreneurship education and training in Turkey. Education+ Training, v. 48, n. 1, p. 25-38, 2006.

HAIR, J. F.; BLACK, W. C.; BABIN, B. J.; ANDERSON, R. E.; TATHAM, R. L. Análise Multivariada de Dados. Tradução: Adonai Schlup Sant’anna. 6. ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2009.

HISRICH, R. D. Entrepreneurship/Intrapreneurship. American Psychologist, v. 45, n. 2, p. 209-222, 1990.

HISRICH, R; LANGAN-FOX, J.; GRANT, S. Entrepreneurship research and practice: a call to action for psychology. American Psychologist, v. 62, n. 6, p. 575-589, 2007.

HISRICH, R. D.; PETERS, M. P.; SHEPHERD, D. A. Empreendedorismo. 9. ed. Porto Alegre: AMGH, 2014.

HO, T. S.; KOH, H. C. Differences in psychological characteristics between entrepreneurially inclined and non-entrepreneurially inclined accounting graduates in Singapore. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Change: an international journal, v. 1, n. 2, p. 243-254, 1992.

KIRTON, M. Adaptors and innovators: A description and measure. Journal of applied psychology, v. 61, n. 5, p. 622-629, 1976.

KRUEGER, N. F.; CARSRUD, A. L. Entrepreneurial intentions: applying the theory of planned behaviour. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, v. 5, n. 4, p. 315-330, 1993.

KRUEGER, N. F.; BRAZEAL, D. V. Entrepreneurial potential and potential entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, v. 18, p. 91-104, 1994.

KUCKERTZ, A.; WAGNER, M. The influence of sustainability orientation on entrepreneurial intentions - Investigating the role of business experience. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 25, n. 5, p. 524-539, 2010.

LANERO, A.; VÁZQUEZ, J. L.; GUTIÉRREZ, P.; GARCÍA, M. P. The impact of entrepreneurship education in European universities: an intention-based approach analyzed in the Spanish area. International Review on Public and Non-Profit Marketing, v. 8, n. 2, p. 111-130, 2011.

LEE, S. M.; LIM, S. B.; PATHAK, R. D.; CHANG, D.; LI, W. Influences on students attitudes toward entrepreneurship: a multi-country study. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, v. 2, n. 3, p. 351-366, 2006.

LÜTHJE, C.; FRANKE, N. The ‘making’of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT. R&d Management, v. 33, n. 2, p. 135-147, 2003.

MALHOTRA, N. K. Pesquisa de marketing: uma orientação aplicada. 4. ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2006.

MARCATI, A; GUIDO, G; PELUSO, A M. The role of SME entrepreneurs’ innovativeness and personality in the adoption of innovations. Research Policy, v. 37, n. 9, p. 1579-1590, 2008.

MARTIN, B. C.; MCNALLY, J. J.; KAY, M. J. Examining the formation of human capital in entrepreneurship: a meta-analysis of entrepreneurship education outcomes. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 28, n. 2, p. 211-224, 2013.

MILLER, B. K.; BELL, J. D.; PALMER, M.; GONZALEZ, A. Predictors of entrepreneurial intentions: a quasi-experiment comparing students enrolled in introductory management and entrepreneurship classes. Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, v. 21, n. 2, p. 39-62, 2009.

NOORDERHAVEN, N.; THURIK, R.; WENNEKERS, S.; VAN STEL, A. J. Self employment across 15 european countries: the role of dissatisfaction, SCALES – paper N200223, Scientific Analysis of Entrepreneurship and SME, EIM, 2003.

PAÇO, A. M. F.; FERREIRA, J. M.; RAPOSO, M.; RODRIGUES, R. G.; DINIS, A. Behaviours and entrepreneurial intention: Empirical findings about secondary students. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, v. 9, n. 1, p. 20-38, 2011.

PAIVA, L. E. B.; LIMA, T. C. B., REBOUÇAS, S. M. D. P.; FERREIRA, E. M. D. M.; FONTENELE, R. E. S. Influência da sustentabilidade e da inovação na intenção empreendedora de universitários brasileiros e portugueses. Cadernos EBAPE. BR, v. 16, n. 4, p. 732-747, 2018.

PARRISH, B. D. Sustainability-driven entrepreneurship: a literature review. University of Leeds, School of Earth & Environment, 2008.

REBOUÇAS, S. P. Metodologias de Classificação Supervisionada para Análise de Dados de Microarrays. Trabalho acadêmico (Doutorado em Estatística e Investigação Operacional), Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, 2011.

REYNOLDS, P. D. CAMP, S. M.; BYGRAVE, W. D.; AUTIO, E.; HAY, M. Global entrepreneurship monitor gem 2001 summary report. London Business School and Babson College, 2002.

ROBINSON, P. B.; HUEFNER, J. C.; HUNT, H. K. Entrepreneurial research on student subjects does not generalize to real world entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 29, n. 2, p. 42, 1991.

SÁNCHEZ, J. C. University training for entrepreneurial competencies: Its impact on intention of venture creation. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, v. 7, n. 2, p. 239-254, 2011.

SCHALTEGGER, S. A framework for ecopreneurship. Greener Management International, n. 38, p. 45-58, 2002.

SCHULTZ, P. W.; OSKAMP, S. Effort as a moderator of the attitude-behavior relationship: General environmental concern and recycling. Social Psychology Quarterly, p. 375-383, 1996.

SCHUMPETER, J. A. Teoria do desenvolvimento econômico: uma investigação sobre lucros, capital, crédito, juro e o ciclo econômico. São Paulo: Abril Cultural, p. 125-132, 1982.

SHAPERO, A.; SOKOL, L. The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship, p. 72-90, 1982.

SEELOS, C.; GANLY, K.; MAIR, J. Social entrepreneurs directly contribute to global development goals. Social entrepreneurship, p. 235-275, 2006.

SPENCE, M.; GHERIB, J. B. B.; BIWOLÉ, V. O. A framework of smes’ strategic involvement in sustainable development. In: WUSTENHAGEM, R.; HAMSCHMIDT, J.; SHARMA, S.; STARIK, M. (ed.) Sustainable Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Glos: Edward-Elgar, 2008. p. 49-70.

TAYLOR, W. G. K. The Kirton Adaption‐Innovation Inventory: A re‐examination of the factor structure. Journal of Organizational Behavior, v. 10, n. 4, p. 297-307, 1989.

TEIXEIRA, A. A. C. Uma perspectiva internacional das atitudes empreendedoras dos estudantes universitários de economia e gestão. Working Paper, 2013.

TEIXEIRA, M. G. C.; BESSA, E. S. Estratégias para compatibilizar desenvolvimento econômico e gestão ambiental numa atividade produtiva local. RAC, Curitiba, v. 13, p. 1-18, 2009.

TEIXEIRA, A. A. C.; DAVEY, T. Attitudes of Higher Education students to new venture creation: a preliminary approach to the Portuguese case. Industry and Higher Education, v. 24, n. 5, p. 323-341, 2010.

TEIXEIRA, A. A. C.; FORTE, R. P. Unbounding entrepreneurial intents of university students: a multidisciplinary perspective. Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, 2009.

TIMMONS, J. A.; SPINELLI, S. New venture creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st century. Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin, 1994.

THOMPSON, E. R. Individual entrepreneurial intent: Construct clarification and development of an internationally reliable metric. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 33, n. 3, p. 669-694, 2009.

VAN DER ZWAN, P.; THURIK, R.; GRILO, I. The entrepreneurial ladder and its determinants. Applied Economics, v. 42, n. 17, p. 2183-2191, 2010.

VAN PRAAG, C. M. Determinants of succesful entrepreneurship. 1997.

VAN STEL, A.; STOREY, D. The link between firm births and job creation: Is there a Upas tree effect? Regional Studies, v. 38, n. 8, p. 893-909, 2004.

VERHEUL, I.; ENNEKERS, S.; AUDRETSCH, D.; THURIK, R. An eclectic theory of entrepreneurship: policies, institutions, and culture. Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper, 2001.

WANG, C. K.; WONG, P. K. Entrepreneurial interest of university students in Singapore. Technovation, v. 24, n. 2, p. 163-172, 2004.

ZAHRA, S. A.; GEDAJLOVIC, E.; NEUBAUM, D. O.; SHULMAN, J. M. A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes, and ethical challenges. Journal of business venturing, v. 24, n. 5, p. 519-532, 2009.

ZAWISLAK, P. A. Rumo a um modelo de expectativa e potencial de inovação. ENANPAD – ENCONTRO NACIONAL DOS PROGRAMAS DE PÓS-GRADUAÇÃO EM ADMINISTRAÇÃO, Anais... Rio de Janeiro: ANPAD, p. 1-14, 2007.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1983465923616

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional.

  

  

Revista de Administração da UFSM. Brazilian Journal of Management

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, eISSN 1983-4659